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U.S. Population by State, 1790 to 2015

Updated February 11, 2017 | Infoplease Staff

The following table lists the population of each state in the United States, from the year 1790 to 2015. From 2000 to 2010, Nevada grew the fastest, followed by Arizona, Utah, Idaho and Texas. Louisiana, Ohio, and Rhode Island had the slowest increase in population. Michigan was the only state to experience a population decline over the decade, losing 0.6% of its population.

State 2015
pop.
2010
pop.
2000
pop.
1990
pop.
1950
pop.
1900
pop.
1790
pop.
Alabama 4,858,979 4,779,735 4,447,100 4,040,587 3,061,743 1,828,697 ?
Alaska 738,432 710,231 626,932 550,043 128,643 63,592 ?
Arizona 6,828,065 6,329,013 5,130,632 3,665,228 749,587 122,931 ?
Arkansas 2,978,204 2,915,921 2,673,400 2,350,725 1,909,511 1,311,564 ?
California 39,144,818 37,253,956 33,871,648 29,760,021 10,586,223 1,485,053 ?
Colorado 5,456,574 5,029,196 4,301,261 3,294,394 1,325,089 539,700 ?
Connecticut 3,590,886 3,574,097 3,405,565 3,287,116 2,007,280 908,420 237,946
Delaware 945,934 897,934 783,600 666,168 318,085 184,735 59,096
DC 672,228 601,723 572,059 606,900 802,178 278,718 ?
Florida 20,271,272 18,801,311 15,982,378 12,937,926 2,771,305 528,542 ?
Georgia 10,214,860 9,687,653 8,186,453 6,478,216 3,444,578 2,216,331 82,548
Hawaii 1,431,603 1,360,301 1,211,537 1,108,229 499,794 154,001 ?
Idaho 1,654,930 1,567,582 1,293,953 1,006,749 588,637 161,772 ?
Illinois 12,859,995 12,830,632 12,419,293 11,430,602 8,712,176 4,821,550 ?
Indiana 6,619,680 6,483,800 6,080,485 5,544,159 3,934,224 2,516,462 ?
Iowa 3,123,899 3,046,350 2,926,324 2,776,755 2,621,073 2,231,853 ?
Kansas 2,911,641 2,853,118 2,688,418 2,477,574 1,905,299 1,470,495 ?
Kentucky 4,425,092 4,339,362 4,041,769 3,685,296 2,944,806 2,147,174 73,677
Louisiana 4,649,676 4,515,770 4,468,976 4,219,973 2,683,516 1,381,625 ?
Maine 1,329,328 1,328,361 1,274,923 1,227,928 913,774 694,466 96,540
Maryland 6,006,401 5,773,552 5,296,486 4,781,468 2,343,001 1,188,044 319,728
Massachusetts 6,794,422 6,547,629 6,349,097 6,016,425 4,690,514 2,805,346 378,787
Michigan 9,922,576 9,883,635 9,938,444 9,295,297 6,371,766 2,420,982 ?
Minnesota 5,489,594 5,303,925 4,919,479 4,375,099 2,982,483 1,751,394 ?
Mississippi 2,992,333 2,967,297 2,844,658 2,573,216 2,178,914 1,551,270 ?
Missouri 6,083,672 5,988,927 5,595,211 5,117,073 3,954,653 3,106,665 ?
Montana 1,032,949 989,415 902,195 799,065 591,024 243,329 ?
Nebraska 1,896,190 1,826,341 1,711,263 1,578,385 1,325,510 1,066,300 ?
Nevada 2,890,845 2,700,551 1,998,257 1,201,833 160,083 42,335 ?
New Hampshire 1,330,608 1,316,472 1,235,786 1,109,252 533,242 411,588 141,885
New Jersey 8,958,013 8,791,894 8,414,350 7,730,188 4,835,329 1,883,669 184,139
New Mexico 2,085,109 2,059,180 1,819,046 1,515,069 681,187 195,310 ?
New York 19,795,791 19,378,104 18,976,457 17,990,455 14,830,192 7,268,894 340,120
North Carolina 10,042,802 9,535,475 8,049,313 6,628,637 4,061,929 1,893,810 393,751
North Dakota 756,927 672,591 642,200 638,800 619,636 319,146 ?
Ohio 11,613,423 11,536,502 11,353,140 10,847,115 7,946,627 4,157,545 ?
Oklahoma 3,911,338 3,751,354 3,450,654 3,145,585 2,233,351 790,3912 ?
Oregon 4,028,977 3,831,074 3,421,399 2,842,321 1,521,341 413,536 ?
Pennsylvania 12,802,503 12,702,379 12,281,054 11,881,643 10,498,012 6,302,115 434,373
Rhode Island 1,056,298 1,052,567 1,048,319 1,003,464 791,896 428,556 68,825
South Carolina 4,896,146 4,625,364 4,012,012 3,486,703 2,117,027 1,340,316 249,073
South Dakota 858,469 814,180 754,844 696,004 652,740 401,570 ?
Tennessee 6,600,299 6,346,110 5,689,283 4,877,185 3,291,718 2,020,616 35,691
Texas 27,469,114 25,145,561 20,851,820 16,986,510 7,711,194 3,048,710 ?
Utah 2,995,919 2,763,885 2,233,169 1,722,850 688,862 276,749 ?
Vermont 626,042 625,741 608,827 562,758 377,747 343,641 85,425
Virginia 8,382,993 8,001,024 7,078,515 6,187,358 3,318,680 1,854,184 747,6103
Washington 7,170,351 6,724,540 5,894,121 4,866,692 2,378,963 518,103 ?
West Virginia 1,844,128 1,852,996 1,808,344 1,793,477 2,005,552 958,800 ?
Wisconsin 5,771,337 5,686,986 5,363,675 4,891,769 3,434,575 2,069,042 ?
Wyoming 586,107 563,626 493,782 453,588 290,529 92,531 ?
Total U.S. 321,418,820 308,745,538 281,421,906 248,709,873 152,271,417 76,212,168 3,929,214
1. Estimated.
2. Includes population of Indian Territory, 1900: 392,960.
3. Until 1863, Virginia included what is now West Virginia.
Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census. Web: www.census.gov.

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