Ohio State Facts
Entered Union: March 1, 1803 (17th State)
Present constitution adopted: 1851
State abbreviation/Postal code: Ohio/OH
Nicknames: Buckeye State
Slogan: "Ohio—Birthplace of Aviation"
Origin of name: From a Seneca word meaning "great river"
Motto: "With God all things are possible"
Amphibian: Spotted salamander (2010)
Bird: Cardinal (1933)
Frog: American bullfrog (2010)
Insect: 7-spot ladybug (1976)
Reptile: Black racer (1995)
Wild animal: White-tailed deer (1988)
Cultivated Flower: Scarlet carnation (1904)
Fruit: Tomato (2009)
Native Fruit: Pawpaw (2009)
Tree: Ohio buckeye (1953)
Wildflower: Large white trillium (1985)
Fossil: Trilobite (1985)
Gem: Ohio flint (1965)
Colors: Red, white, and blue (from state flag)
Drink: Tomato juice (1965)
Groundhog: Buckeye Chuck
Muffin: Corn muffin (1986)
Prehistoric Monument: Newark Earthworks (2006)
Ship: USS Ohio
Song: "Beautiful Ohio" (1989)
Rock Song: "Hang on Sloopy" by Wes Farrell and Bert Russell (1985)
Governor: Mike DeWine, R (to Jan. 2023)
Lieut. Governor: John Husted, R (to Jan. 2023)
Secy. of State: Frank LaRose, R
Treasurer: Robert Sprague, R
Atty. General: Dave Yost, R
U.S. Representatives: 16
Senators: Sherrod Brown, D (to Jan. 2025); Rob Portman, R (to Jan. 2023)
See Also: Historical biographies of Ohio Congress members
Residents: Ohioan or Buckeye
2015 resident population: 11,613,423 (7th Largest State, 2015)
10 largest cities (2012):Columbus, 787,033; Cleveland, 396,8158; Cincinnati, 296,943; Toledo, 287,208; Akron, 199,110; Dayton, 141,527; Parma, 81,601; Youngstown, 66,982; Canton, 73,007; Lorain, 64,097
Race/Ethnicity: White (82.7%); Black (12.2%); American Indian (0.2%); Asian (1.7%); Other race (1.1%); Two or more races (2.1%); Hispanic/Latino: (3.1%).
Religion: Catholic (34%); Unaffiliated (32%); Protestant (21%); Jewish (3%);
Sex: Male (48.6%%); Female (51.4%).
Age: Under 18 (22.7%); 18-64 (62.2%); 65 and over (14.1%). Median Age: 38.8
See Also: Additional Ohio Census Data
GDP: 649 billion dollars (7th in U.S., 2017)
Unemployment: 5.0% (2017)
Overview: Ohio has one of the nation's most industrial economies, with nearly 19% of the state's GDP coming from the manufacturing sector. Ohio has the third largest manufacturing population in the country, behind the much larger states of California and Texas. The state leads the nation in producing plastics, rubber, and manufactured metals.
Land area: 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km2)
Geographic center: In Delaware Co., 25 mi. NNE of Columbus.
Number of counties: 88
Largest county by population and area: Cuyahoga, 1,280,122 (2010); Ashtabula, 703 sq mi.
State forests: 20 (more than 183,000 ac.)
State parks: 74 (more than 204,000 ac.)
See more on Ohio:
Monthly Temperature Extremes
Ohio State History
First explored for France by Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, in 1669, the Ohio region became British property after the French and Indian Wars. Ohio was acquired by the U.S. after the Revolutionary War in 1783. In 1788, the first permanent settlement was established at Marietta, capital of the Northwest Territory.
The 1790s saw severe fighting with the Indians in Ohio; a major battle was won by Maj. Gen. Anthony Wayne at Fallen Timbers in 1794. In the War of 1812, Commodore Oliver H. Perry defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie on Sept. 10, 1813.
Ohio is one of the nation's industrial leaders, ranking third in manufacturing employment nationwide. Important manufacturing centers are located in or near Ohio's major cities. Akron is known for rubber; Canton for roller bearings; Cincinnati for jet engines and machine tools; Cleveland for auto assembly, auto parts, and steel; Dayton for office machines, refrigeration, and heating and auto equipment; Youngstown and Steubenville for steel; and Toledo for glass and auto parts.
The state's fertile soil produces soybeans, corn, oats, greenhouse and nursery products, wheat, hay, and fruit, including apples, peaches, strawberries, and grapes. More than half of Ohio's farm receipts come from dairy farming and sheep and hog raising. Ohio ranks fourth among the states in lime production and also ranks high in sand and gravel and crushed stone production.
Tourism is a valuable revenue producer, bringing in $36 billion in 2009. Attractions include the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Indian burial grounds at Mound City Group National Monument, Perry's Victory International Peace Memorial, the Pro Football Hall of Fame at Canton, and the homes of presidents Grant, Taft, Hayes, Harding, and Garfield.
After the 2000 U.S. Census, Ohio lost one congressional district for the U.S. House of Representatives. The state lost two more districts after the 2010 Census giving Ohio 18 electoral votes for the 2012, 2016, and 2020 presidential elections.
Famous Ohio Natives and Residents
- Neil Armstrong astronaut;
- Kathleen Battle soprano;
- George Bellows painter and lithographer;
- Halle Berry actor;
- Ambrose Bierce journalist;
- Erma Bombeck columnist;
- Bill Boyd (Hopalong Cassidy) actor;
- Milton Caniff cartoonist;
- Hart Crane poet;
- George Armstrong Custer army officer;
- Dorothy Dandridge actor;
- Doris Day singer and actor;
- Clarence Darrow lawyer;
- Ruby Dee actor;
- Rita Dove poet;
- Hugh Downs TV broadcaster;
- Thomas A. Edison inventor;
- Clark Gable actor;
- James A. Garfield president;
- Lillian Gish actor;
- John Glenn astronaut and senator;
- Ulysses S. Grant president;
- Zane Grey author;
- Warren G. Harding president;
- Benjamin Harrison president;
- Rutherford Hayes president;
- Robert Henri painter;
- William Dean Howells novelist and critic;
- Allison Janney actor;
- Kenisaw Mountain Landis first baseball commissioner;
- Dean Martin singer and actor;
- William McKinley president;
- Paul Newman actor;
- Jack Nicklaus golfer;
- Annie Oakley markswoman;
- Sarah Jessica Parker actor;
- Norman Vincent Peale clergyman;
- Tyrone Power actor;
- Eddie Rickenbacker aviator;
- Roy Rogers actor and singer;
- Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. historian;
- William Tecumseh Sherman army general;
- Gloria Steinem feminist;
- William H. Taft president;
- Tecumseh Shawnee Indian chief;
- Lowell Thomas explorer and commentator;
- James Thurber author and cartoonist;
- Orville Wright inventor;
- Cy Young baseball player.
U.S. State Comparisons
All U.S. States: Geography & Climate
Record Highest Temperatures
Record Lowest Temperatures
Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations
Land and Water Area
All U.S. States: Population & Economy
Historical Population Statistics, 1790-Present
Per Capita Personal Income
Minimum Wage Rates
Federal Government Expenditure
Percent of People in Poverty
Births and Birth Rates
Percentage of Uninsured by State
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