Archaeology Around the World
Which ancient city was discovered in the 19th century in present-day Jordan?
- Petra, an ancient city carved out of rock, was rediscovered by the Western world in the 19th century.
What is the oldest known city in the world?
- Archaeological evidence suggests that Jericho is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world, dating back to 9000 B.C.
Who discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun in 1922?
- British archaeologist Howard Carter discovered the intact tomb of the 18th-dynasty Pharaoh Tutankhamun (King Tut) in 1922.
Where is the Terracotta Army located?
- The Terracotta Army, a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China, is located in Xi'an, China.
What civilization built the ancient city of Machu Picchu?
- The ancient city of Machu Picchu was built by the Inca civilization and is located in present-day Peru.
Where are the Lascaux Cave Paintings located?
- The Lascaux Cave Paintings, a collection of Paleolithic art, are located in southwestern France.
What archaeological site is known as the "City of the Gods"?
- Teotihuacan, located in the Basin of Central Mexico, is often referred to as the "City of the Gods."
Who is considered the father of modern archaeology?
- Sir William Flinders Petrie is often considered the father of modern archaeology for his meticulous methods and innovative techniques.
The ancient city of Troy was discovered in which modern-day country?
- The ancient city of Troy, made famous in Homer's Iliad, was discovered in the modern-day country of Turkey.
What is the study of ancient human remains and artifacts called?
- Archaeology is the study of ancient human history and prehistory through the excavation of artifacts and structures, and the analysis of physical remains.