New Hampshire

New Hampshire flag

New Hampshire State Facts

Entered Union: June 21, 1788 (9th State)
Present constitution adopted: 1784

Fun Facts

State abbreviation/Postal code: N.H./NH
Nickname: Granite State
Origin of name: From the English county of Hampshire
Motto: “Live free or die”
State symbols:
Animal: White-tailed deer (1983)
Amphibian: Red-spotted newt (1985)
Bird: Purple finch (1957)
Butterfly: Karner blue (1992)
Dog: Chinook (2009)
Freshwater game fish: Brook trout (1994)
Insect: Ladybug (1977)
Saltwater game fish: Striped bass (1994)
Shell: Quahog (1987)
Flower: Purple lilac (1919)
Fruit: Pumpkin (2006)
Tree: White birch (1947)
Wildflower: Pink lady's slipper (1990)
Gem: Smoky quartz (1985)
Mineral: Beryl (1985)
Rock: Granite (1985)
Song: "Old New Hampshire" (1947)
Sport: Skiing (1998)


Capital: Concord
Governor: Chris Sununu, R (to Jan. 2019)
Executive Council Members: Joseph Kenney, R; Andru Volinsky, D; Russell Prescott, R; Christopher Pappas, D; David Wheeler, R (to Jan. 2019)
Secy. of State: Bill Gardner, D (to Jan. 2019, Since 1976)
General Treasurer: Bill Dwyer, D (apptd. by government)
Atty. General: Gordon MacDonald, R (to 2021)
U.S. Representatives: 2
Senators: Maggie Hassan, D (to Jan. 2023); Jeanne Shaheen, D (to Jan. 2021)
See Also: Historical biographies of New Hampshire Congress members


Residents: New Hampshirite
Resident population: 1,342,795 (41st Largest State, 2015)
10 largest cities (2012): Manchester, 110,209; Nashua, 86,933; Concord , 42,630; Dover, 30,220; Rochester , 29,823; Salem, 29,396; Merrimack, 26,683; Keene, 23,272; Derry, 22,015; Portsmouth, 21,379
Race/Ethnicity: White (93.9%); Black (1.1%); American Indian (0.2%); Asian (2.2%); Other race (0.9%); Two or more races (1.6%); Hispanic/Latino (2.8%).
Religion: No religion (36%); Protestant (30%); Catholic (26%); Jehovah's Witness (2%); Jewish (2%); Mormon (1%). 
Sex: Male (49.3%); Female (50.7%).
Age: Under 18 (21.8%); 18-64 (64.7%); 65 and over (13.5%). Median Age: 41.1
See Also: Additional New Hampshire Census Data


GDP: 81 billion dollars (39th in U.S., 2016)
Unemployment: 3.4% (2015)
Overview: New Hampshire, like many other Northeastern states, has seen recent growth in the insurance industry and in services. New Hampshire has modest manufacturing, especially of electronics, as well as professional and science services. Nature tourism is a substantial contributor to the state economy, as well as seasonal sports like skiing.


Land area: 9,349 sq mi (24,214 km2)
Geographic center: In Belknap Co., 3 mi. E of Ashland
Number of counties: 10
Largest county by population and area: Hillsborough, 400,721 (2010); Coos, 1,801 sq mi.
State parks/recreation areas: 72
Area codes
Tourism office

See more on New Hampshire:

Encyclopedia: New Hampshire
Encyclopedia: Geography
Encyclopedia: Economy
Encyclopedia: Government
Encyclopedia: History
New Hampshire Temperature Extremes

Printable Outline Maps


New Hampshire State History

Under an English land grant, Capt. John Smith sent settlers to establish a fishing colony at the mouth of the Piscataqua River, near present-day Rye and Dover, in 1623. Capt. John Mason, who participated in the founding of Portsmouth in 1630, gave New Hampshire its name.

After a 38-year period of union with Massachusetts, New Hampshire was made a separate royal colony in 1679. As leaders in the revolutionary cause, New Hampshire delegates received the honor of being the first to vote for the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. New Hampshire gained a measure of international attention in 1905 when Portsmouth Naval Base played host to the signing of the treaty ending the Russo-Japanese War, known as the Treaty of Portsmouth.

Abundant water power turned New Hampshire into an industrial state early on, and manufacturing is the principal source of income. The most important industrial products are electrical and other machinery, textiles, pulp and paper products, and stone and clay products. Dairy and poultry, and growing fruit, truck vegetables, corn, potatoes, and hay are the major agricultural pursuits.

Because of New Hampshire's scenic and recreational resources, tourism now brings over $3.5 billion into the state annually.

Vacation attractions include Lake Winnipesaukee, largest of 1,300 lakes and ponds; the 724,000-acre White Mountain National Forest; Daniel Webster's birthplace near Franklin; and Strawbery Banke, restored buildings of the original settlement at Portsmouth. In 2003, the famous "Old Man of the Mountain" granite head profile, the state's official emblem, fell from its perch in Franconia.

Famous New Hampshire Natives and Residents

Salmon P. Chase jurist;
Charles Anderson Dana editor;
Mary Baker Eddy founder of the Christian Science Church; ;
Thomas Green Fessenden journalist and satirical poet;
Daniel Chester French sculptor;
Robert Frost poet;

Horace Greeley journalist and politician;
Sarah J. Hale editor;
John Irving writer;
John Langdon political leader;
Sharon Christa McAuliffe teacher and astronaut;
Franklin Pierce former president;
Augustus Saint-Gaudens sculptor;

Alan Shepard astronaut;
Sarah Silvermancomedian
John Starkgeneral
Harlan F. Stone jurist;
Daniel Webster statesman;
Henry Wilson politician and former vice president;
Noah Worcester clergyman and pacifist.

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