Table of contents
Updated November 30, 2023 | Infoplease Staff
Wyoming Flag

Wyoming State Information

Capital: Cheyenne

Official Name: State of Wyoming

Organized as a territory/republic: July 25, 1868

Entered Union (rank): July 10, 1890 (44th state)

Present constitution adopted: September 30, 1889

State Abbreviation/Postal Code: Wyo./WY

State Area Code: 307

Fun Facts About Wyoming

Nickname: The Equality State

Origin of name: Derived from the Delaware Indian word, meaning "mountains and valleys alternating"

Motto: “Equal Rights”

Slogan: None officially designated

State symbols

Flower: Indian Paintbrush (1917)

Tree: Plains Cottonwood (1947)

Animal: Bison (1985)

Bird: Western Meadowlark (1927)

Fish: Cutthroat Trout (1987)

Vegetables: None officially designated

Gem: Jade (1967)

Colors: None officially designated.

Song: "Wyoming" (1955)

Poem: None officially designated

Grass: Western Wheatgrass (2007)

Fossil: Knightia (1987)

Dinosaur: Triceratops (1994)

Cookie: None officially designated

Insect: Sheridan's Green Hairstreak Butterfly (2009)

Ballad: None officially designated

Bilingual song: None officially designated

Question: None officially designated


Governor: Mark Gordon (to Nov. 2023)

Secy. of State: Chuck Gray, R (to Nov. 2026)

General Treasurer: Curt Meier, R (to Nov. 2023)

Atty. General: Bridget Hill, R (to Nov. 2023)

U.S. Representatives: 1

Senators: John Barrasso, R (to January 2025); Cynthia Lummis, R (to January 2027)

Historical biographies of Congressional members

Official State Website: https://www.wyo.gov/


Residents: Wyomingite

Resident population: 576,851 (Least Populous State, 2020)

10 largest cities (2020): Cheyenne, 64,235; Casper, 57,461; Laramie, 32,473; Gillette, 32,030; Rock Springs, 23,319; Sheridan, 17,844; Green River, 11,978; Evanston, 11,704; Riverton, 10,891; Jackson, 10,429.

Race/Ethnicity: White: (61.6%); Hispanic (18.7%); Black: (12.4%); Asian: (6%); Native American/Alaska Native: (1.9%); Other races: (0.8%).

Religion: Protestant (43%); Other Christian (31%); Non-Religious/Other (23%); Roman Catholic (14%); Mormon (9%); Jehovah's Witness (3%).

Sex: Male: 50.9% (287,677); Female: 49.1% (277,719).

Age: Under 18: 23.3% (132,166); 18-64: 60.4% (342,348); 65 and over: 16.3% (92,426). Median Age: 38.2.


GDP: 47.4 billion dollars (50th in U.S., 2022)

Unemployment: 2.9% (2023)


Land area: 97,914 sq mi. (253,596 sq. km)

Geographic center: In Fremont Co., 58 miles ENE of Lander

Number of counties: 23

Largest county by population and area: Laramie County, 99,500 (2020); Sweetwater County, 10,491 sq mi.

State parks/recreation areas: 12

See additional census data

Tourism office

Welcome to Wyoming, also known as the "Equality State." Situated in the western United States, Wyoming boasts diverse and stunning natural landscapes, a rich cultural heritage, and a thriving economy. In this document, we will explore various aspects of Wyoming, including its geography, people, government, economy, interesting facts, and historical significance.

From its majestic mountain ranges, such as the Rocky Mountains and the Bighorn Mountains, to its iconic national parks like Yellowstone and Grand Teton, Wyoming offers breathtaking views and abundant opportunities for outdoor activities. Its fertile lands and favorable climate support agriculture and ranching, making it one of the top beef-producing states in the nation. Additionally, Wyoming's energy sector plays a pivotal role in meeting the country's energy needs, with its vast reserves of coal, oil, and natural gas.

Wyoming's population may be relatively small compared to other states, but its cultural diversity and Native American heritage contribute to its unique identity. The state government operates under a democratic system, with a strong emphasis on individual liberties and limited government intervention. Wyoming's economy thrives not only on its natural resources but also on its flourishing tourism industry, attracting visitors from around the world to experience its natural wonders and cultural festivals.

As we delve deeper into the various aspects of Wyoming, we will uncover fascinating details about its history, from its pre-colonial Native American roots to its role in westward expansion and its commitment to equal rights. Join us on this journey to discover the wonders and significance of this state.

Wyoming Geography

Wyoming, also known as the "Equality State," is located in the western United States. It is bordered by Montana and South Dakota to the north, Colorado and Utah to the south, Idaho to the west, and Nebraska and South Dakota to the east. With a total area of approximately 97,813 square miles, Wyoming is the 10th largest state in the U.S. The state's capital is Cheyenne, and its largest city is Casper.

Wyoming is known for its diverse and stunning natural landscapes. It is home to several mountain ranges, including the Rocky Mountains and the Bighorn Mountains, which offer breathtaking views and ample opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, skiing, and wildlife viewing. The state is also famous for the iconic Devils Tower, a unique geological formation that attracts visitors from around the world.

In addition to its mountains, Wyoming is blessed with other natural features such as rivers, lakes, and national parks. Yellowstone National Park, the first national park in the U.S., is located primarily in Wyoming. Known for its geothermal features, including the famous Old Faithful geyser, as well as its diverse wildlife, such as grizzly bears, wolves, and herds of bison and elk, Yellowstone is a must-visit destination for nature lovers. Another notable national park in Wyoming is Grand Teton National Park, known for its majestic peaks, pristine lakes, and abundant wildlife.

Wyoming People & Population

Wyoming has a relatively small population compared to other U.S. states. As of the latest census data, the population of Wyoming is approximately 578,759 people. The majority of the population resides in urban areas such as Cheyenne, Casper, Denver, Laramie, Rawlins, and Rock Springs. These cities serve as economic and cultural hubs for the state, as well as being some of the earliest settlements in Wyoming.

Wyoming has a rich Native American history, and several Native American tribes call the state home, including the Shoshone, Arapaho, and Cheyenne. These tribes have made significant contributions to the state's cultural heritage and continue to play an important role in its identity. The population of Wyoming is diverse, with people of various ethnicities, religions, and educational backgrounds.

Wyoming Government

The government of Wyoming operates under a democratic system. The state is led by Governor Mark Gordon, who was elected to office in 2019. The state's political landscape tends to lean towards conservative ideologies, and Wyoming has a reputation for its strong support of individual liberties and limited government intervention.

One unique feature of Wyoming's government is the position of the Secretary of State. The Secretary of State in Wyoming not only oversees elections but also manages business registrations and filings. This role plays a crucial role in maintaining the state's business environment and ensuring fair and transparent elections.

Wyoming Economy

Wyoming's economy is driven by various industries and abundant natural resources. The state is a major producer of coal, oil, and natural gas, which contribute significantly to its energy sector. Wyoming's coal reserves are among the largest in the country, and the state plays a pivotal role in meeting the nation's energy needs.

In addition to its energy sector, Wyoming's economy is supported by agriculture and ranching. The fertile lands and favorable climate make it an ideal location for farming and livestock production. Cattle ranching is particularly prominent in the state, and Wyoming ranks among the top beef-producing states in the U.S.

The tourism industry also thrives in Wyoming, thanks to its stunning natural landscapes and iconic national parks. Thousands of visitors flock to Yellowstone National Park and Grand Teton National Park each year to experience the breathtaking beauty and unique wildlife. This influx of tourists contributes to the state's economy through spending on accommodations, dining, and recreational activities.

The average income and quality of life in Wyoming are relatively high compared to national averages. The state's low population density and abundance of natural resources provide opportunities for residents to enjoy a high standard of living.

Wyoming Interesting Facts

Wyoming is known for its picturesque landscapes, outdoor recreational activities, and rich cultural heritage, along with many other arts, entertainments, and local experiences!

Cultural Activities

The state is often associated with its cowboy culture and rodeos, reflecting its history of ranching and agriculture. Rodeo events and festivals showcasing horsemanship and western traditions are popular attractions for locals and visitors alike.

In addition to its cowboy culture, Wyoming has a thriving arts scene. Local artists and musicians contribute to the vibrant cultural atmosphere, and the state hosts various art festivals and exhibitions throughout the year. The natural beauty of Wyoming also serves as inspiration for many artists.

The Highest Height

Wyoming is home to Gannett Peak, the highest point in the state, reaching an elevation of 13,809 feet (4,209 meters) in the Wind River Range. This peak attracts climbers and outdoor enthusiasts seeking a challenging adventure.

Natural Attractions

Yellowstone National Park, located primarily in Wyoming, is not only the first national park in the U.S. but also the first national park in the world. It is renowned for its geothermal features, including the iconic Old Faithful geyser, as well as its diverse wildlife, including grizzly bears, wolves, and herds of bison and elk.

The Black Hills

The Black Hills are a small, isolated mountain range that extends from the Great Plains of North America in western South Dakota into Wyoming. This range offers a beautiful landscape of rugged rock formations, canyons, grasslands, streams, and lakes.

The region is famous for the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota, a massive sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore in the Black Hills, depicting U.S. presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln.

Wyoming History

Wyoming is a captivating destination with a rich history and a promising future, blending its cowboy heritage with its commitment to preserving its natural beauty and fostering economic growth. Let’s explore more historical facts about Wyoming and their importance.

Pre-Colonial History

Before the arrival of European settlers, Wyoming was inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Shoshone, Arapaho, and Cheyenne. These tribes had rich cultural traditions and relied on the land's resources for their livelihood. They had a deep connection to their natural surroundings and developed sustainable practices to thrive in the region.

Colonial History

While Wyoming was not colonized in the traditional sense, the area was explored by French and Spanish expeditions in the 18th and 19th centuries. The region was ceded to the U.S. through the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and the Oregon Treaty in 1846.

Though not a colony, Wyoming still played a significant role in the westward expansion of the United States. Explorers and fur trappers ventured into Wyoming in the early 19th century, establishing trading posts and interacting with Native American tribes. The region became a vital route for pioneers traveling to the western territories, such as Oregon and California.

Wyoming became a U.S. territory in 1868, and it was admitted as the 44th state of the United States on July 10, 1890. The state's nickname, the "Equality State," reflects its historical commitment to equal rights, as Wyoming was the first state in the U.S. to grant women the right to vote.

Pre-Civil War History

In the years leading up to the Civil War, Wyoming experienced political tensions and conflicts like the rest of the nation. While the issue of slavery divided the country, Wyoming did not have a significant presence of enslaved individuals. The territory played a role in the abolitionist movement, with some residents actively supporting the cause of ending slavery, and was also the scene of several conflicts during the Indian Wars.

Post-Civil War History

After the Civil War, Wyoming saw a period of growth and development. The expansion of the railroad system brought economic opportunities and increased settlement in the state. The discovery of natural resources, such as coal and oil, further fueled Wyoming's growth. These resources attracted both workers and entrepreneurs, leading to the establishment of towns and cities throughout the state.

Modern History

In the 20th and 21st centuries, the state of Wyoming has continued to develop its mineral extraction industries while also promoting conservation and tourism. It remains a place where the spirit of the West is very much alive, and Wyoming remains a unique and captivating destination with a rich history and a promising future.

People Also Ask…

If you are interested in more information about Wyoming, then keep reading — we have compiled answers to the most common questions below. Plus, test your newfound state knowledge by taking our quiz, How Well Do You Know State Capitals and Largest Cities?

What Is the Size of Wyoming?

Wyoming is the 10th largest state in the U.S., with a total area of 97,818 sq mi (253,348 sq km).

Is Wyoming a Good State To Live?

Wyoming has a relatively low cost of living, excellent outdoor recreation opportunities, and an abundance of natural beauty. With its strong economy and vibrant cities like Cheyenne and Jackson Hole, it provides ample opportunity for those looking to relocate or start their own businesses. Additionally, the citizens of Wyoming enjoy high levels of personal safety.

Where Do Most People Live In Wyoming?

The majority of Wyoming's population lives in the southeast corner of the state, near cities like Cheyenne, Laramie, and Gillette. The western part of the state is home to smaller towns and rural areas that are popular for their outdoor activities such as hunting, fishing, biking, and camping.

What Is the Biggest City in Wyoming?

The largest city in Wyoming is Cheyenne, located in the southeast corner of the state. With a population of over 60,000 people, it is the heart of economic and social activity for the region. The city offers a wide range of amenities

Why Do People Visit Wyoming?

Wyoming is a popular destination for those looking to explore the outdoors. Additionally, Wyoming offers a wide selection of cultural attractions and events that make it an exciting place to visit. From art galleries and museums to rodeos and live music performances, there's something for every traveler.

Encyclopedia: Wyoming
Encyclopedia: Geography
Encyclopedia: Economy
Encyclopedia: Government
Encyclopedia: History
Monthly Temperature Extremes

Famous Wyoming Natives and Residents

James Bridger trapper, guide, and storyteller;
Dick Cheney vice president;
Buffalo Bill Cody scout;
John Colter trader and first white man to enter Wyoming;

Thomas Fitzpatrick mountain man and guide;
Harrison Ford actor;
Matthew Fox actor;
Curt Gowdy sportscaster;

Jackson Pollock painter;
Matthew Shepard murdered student;
Jedediah S. Smith mountain man
Willis Van Devanter jurist;

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