Indiana flag

Indiana State Facts

Entered Union: December 11, 1816 (19th State)
Organized as territory: May 7, 1800
Present constitution adopted: 1851

Fun Facts

State abbreviation/Postal code: Ind./IN
Nicknames: Hoosier State
Origin of name: "Land of Indians" in new Latin.
Motto: "The Crossroads of America"
Slogan: "Honest to Goodness Indiana"
State symbols:
Bird: Cardinal (1933)
Insect: Say's firefly (2018)
Flower: Peony (1957)
Tree: Tulip tree (1931)
River: Wabash River (1996)
Soil: Miami
Stone: Limestone (1971)
Colors: Blue and Gold
Holidays: George Rogers Clark Day — 2/25; Northwest Ordinance Day — 7/13; Indiana Day — 12/11.
Pie: Sugar Cream Pie (2009)
Poem: "Indiana" by Arthur F. Mapes (1963)
Song: "On the Banks of the Wabash Far Away" (1913)
Rifle: Grouseland Rifle (2012)


Capital: Indianapolis
Official language: English
State Website:
Governor: Eric Holcomb, R (to Jan. 2021)
Lieut. Governor: Suzanne Crouch, R (to Jan. 2021)
Secy. of State: Connie Lawson, R (to Jan. 2019)
Treasurer: Kelly Mitchell, R (to Jan. 2019)
Atty. General: Curtis Hill, R (to Jan. 2021)
U.S. Representatives: 9
Senators: Todd C. Young, R (to Jan. 2023); Joseph Donnelly, Sr. , D (to Jan. 2019)
See Also: Historical biographies of West Virginia Congress members


Residents: Hoosier
Resident population: 6,666,818 (17th Largest State, 2016)
10 largest cities (2010): Indianapolis, 834,852; Fort Wayne, 254,555; Evansville, 120,235; South Bend, 100,800; Carmel, 83,565; Bloomington, 81,963; Fishers, 81,833; Hammond, 79,686; Gary, 79,170; Muncie, 70,087
Race/Ethnicity: White (84.3%); Black (9.1%); American Indian (0.3%); Asian (1.6%); Other race (2.4%); Two or more races (2.0%); Hispanic/Latino (6.0%).
Religion: Protestant (52%); No religion/Unaffiliated (26%); Catholic (18%); Mormon (1%); Jewish (1%); Other (2%).
Sex: Male (49.2%); Female (50.8%).
Age: Under 18 (24.8%); 18-64 (62.4%); 65 and over (12.8%). Median Age: 37
See Also: Additional Indiana Census Data


GDP: 359 billion dollars (16th in U.S., 2017)
Unemployment: 3.4% (2015)
Overview: Indiana has remained one of America's strongest manufacturing states. The state has the highest percentage of laborers employed in manufacturing; it is a leading producer of steel, heavy machinery, and automotive parts. It also has notable mining and energy sectors, though like the rest of the country it has seen a large growth in service industries in the last two decades.


Land area: 35,867 sq mi. (92,896 km2)
Geographic center: In Boone Co., 14 mi. NNW of Indianapolis
Number of counties: 92
Largest county by population and area: Marion, 918,887 (2014); Allen, 657 sq mi.
State historic sites: 17 (2,007 ac.)
State parks/recreation areas: 23 (56,409 ac.)
Area codes
Tourism office

See more on Indiana:

Encyclopedia: Indiana
Encyclopedia: Geography
Encyclopedia: Economy
Encyclopedia: Government
Encyclopedia: History
Monthly Temperature Extremes

Printable Outline Maps

Indiana State History

First explored for France by Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, in 1679–1680, the region figured importantly in the Franco-British struggle for North America that culminated with British victory in 1763. George Rogers Clark led American forces against the British in the area during the Revolutionary War and, prior to becoming a state, Indiana was the scene of frequent Native American uprisings until the victories of Gen. Anthony Wayne at Fallen Timbers in 1794 and Gen. William Henry Harrison at Tippecanoe in 1811.

During the 19th century, Indiana was the site of several experimental communities, including those established by George Rapp and Robert Owen at New Harmony.

Indiana's 41-mile Lake Michigan waterfront "one of the world's great industrial centers”turns out iron, steel, and oil products. Products include automobile parts and accessories, mobile homes and recreational vehicles, truck and bus bodies, aircraft engines, farm machinery, and fabricated structural steel. Wood office furniture and pharmaceuticals are also manufactured.

The state is a leader in agriculture with corn the principal crop. Hogs, soybeans, wheat, oats, rye, tomatoes, onions, and poultry also contribute heavily to Indiana's agricultural output.

Much of the building limestone used in the U.S. is quarried in Indiana, which is also a large producer of coal. Other mineral commodities include crushed stone, cement, and sand and gravel.

Wyandotte Cave, one of the largest in the U.S., is located in Crawford County in southern Indiana, and West Baden and French Lick are well known for their mineral springs. Other attractions include Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Indianapolis Motor Speedway, Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial, and the George Rogers Clark National Historical Park.

In 2005, a tornado hit Evansville, killing 22 and injuring 200. Storms and tornadoes again were the cause of loss of life in 2012, when Marysville was destroyed and 13 were killed.

Five people were killed and more than 40 were injured when a stage collapsed at the Indiana State Fair in 2011. 

Vice President Mike Pence - who grew up in Indiana - served as Governor of Indiana for four years.

Famous Indiana Natives and Residents

Theodore Dreiser writer;
Bernard F. Gimbel merchant;
Virgil Grissom astronaut;
Phil Harris actor and band leader;
John Milton Hay statesman;
James R. Hoffa labor leader;
Michael Jackson singer;
Buck Jones actor;
Alfred C. Kinsey zoologist and sexologist;
David Letterman TV host and comedian;
Carole Lombard actress;

Shelley Long actress;
Marjorie Main actress;
James McCracken tenor;
Steve McQueen actor;
Joaquin Miller poet;
Paul Osborn playwright;
Cole Porter songwriter;
Ernest Taylor Pyle journalist;
J. Danforth Quayle former vice president;
James Whitcomb Riley poet;
Knute Rockne football coach;

Ned Rorem composer;
Red Skelton comedian;
Rex Stout mystery writer;
Booth Tarkington author;
Twyla Tharp dancer and choreographer;
Forrest Tucker actor;
Harold C. Urey physicist;
Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. author;
Jessamyn West novelist;
Wendell Willkie lawyer;
Wilbur Wright inventor.

See also: