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World's Most Populous Countries

A crowd of passengers near a Beijing train station.
A crowd of passengers near a Beijing train station. (AP Photo)

This table provides figures about the 50 most populous nations in the world as of February 2019. China is the most populous country with nearly 1.4 billion residents. Since India's population is less than 50 million behind China; there could be a time when India surpasses its neighbor country in population. The estimated population of the world is 7.7 billion as of 2019.

RANKCOUNTRYPOPULATION
1

China

The majority of the population is located in the eastern half of the country.

1,394,510,000
2

India

A very high population density exists throughout the country, apart from the deserts in the northwest and the mountains in the north.

1,343,330,000
3

United States

Very densely populated urban areas are clustered along the east and the west coasts. There are 50 states in the U.S. and the nation started out with 13 colonies in North America.

328,677,000
4

Indonesia

Java is one of the most densely populated areas in the world.

268,074,600
5

Brazil

Most residents live along the Atlantic coast in the eastern part of the nation.

210,233,000
6

Pakistan

The Punjab province is the most densely populated area in Pakistan.

203,643,000
7

Nigeria

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa.

193,392,517
8

Bangladesh

Bangladesh is not just one of the most populous countries but is also one of the most densely populated countries in the world.

166,032,000
9

Russia

Siberia has a population density of approximately three people per kilometer. Siberia has one-twelfth of the world's land mass.

146,793,744
10

Mexico

Approximately a quarter of the population lives in and around Mexico City.

126,577,691
11

Japan

The population is most dense along the coasts.

126,320,000
12

Philippines

The Philippines population finally surpassed 100 million in 2014.

107,189,000
13

Ethiopia

The median age in Ethiopia is just under 18 years.

98,665,000
14

Egypt

Approximately 95 percent of the population lives within 20 kilometers of the Nile River and its delta.

98,292,400
15

Vietnam

In geographic area, Vietnam is about twice the size of Arizona.

95,354,000
16

Congo, Dem. Rep.

The country is the world's largest francophone country.

86,727,573
17

Germany

Germany is the most populous country in Europe.

82,979,100
18

Iran

Azerbaijanis constitute almost a quarter of the population. The nation's population is concentrated in the north, northwest, and west.

82,196,100
19

Turkey

The most densely populated area is located around the Bosporus Strait in the northwest.

82,003,882
20

France

The largest concentrations of population in France are located in the north and the southeast.

66,992,000
21

Thailand

The highest population density in Thailand is found in and around Bangkok.

66,327,405
22.

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom's population density is one of the highest in the world and the population is centered in the capital city of London.

66,040,229
23

Italy

The population is evenly distributed throughout the country.

60,390,560
24

South Africa

The province of Gauteng has the highest population density.

57,725,600
25

Tanzania

More than 30 percent of the population is urban.

55,890,747
26

Myanmar

The population is concentrated along coastal areas of the country.

54,339,766
27

Kenya

Kenya did not reach the top 50 of the of most populated countries until the 1970s.

52,214,791
28

South Korea 

More than 70 percent of the country is mountainous so most of the populated is located in lowland areas.

51,811,167
29

Spain

The largest urban populations are found near the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts--aside from the populous areas of Madrid, Sevilla and Zaragoza.

46,733,038
30

Colombia

Most Colombians live in the mountainous western region of the country or on the northern coastline.

45,500,000
31

Argentina

One third of the population lives in Buenos Aires.

44,938,712
32

Algeria

Most of the population is located along the Mediterranean Coast in the north.

43,378,027
33

Ukraine

The densest areas of population are in the eastern and western regions of the country.

42,177,579
34

 

Sudan

Northern Sudan is sparsely populated aside from an area near the banks of the Nile.

41,245,656
35

Uganda

The population received a boost after HIV decreased more than 20 percent since the 1980s.

40,006,700
36

Iraq

The population of Iraq is concentrated in the north, center, and eastern parts of the country.

39,127,900
37

Poland

The population of the country is concentrated in the southern area near Krakow along with Warsaw and Lodz in the central part of the nation.

38,433,600
38

Canada

The most populated province in Canada is Ontario, followed by Quebec and British Columbia.

37,368,300
39

Morocco

The highest population density is found along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts

34,929,800
40

 

Saudi Arabia

The country's population is concentrated in a wide area across the middle of the peninsula.

33,413,660
41

 

Uzbekistan

Most of the population is concentrated in the Fergana Valley in the eastern part of the country.

33,328,853
42

Malaysia

Eighty percent of the population resides on the Malay Peninsula.

32,645,500
43

Peru

One third of the population resides along the desert coastal area in the west, near the capital city of Lima.

32,495,510
44

Venezuela

The population is concentrated in the northern and western highlands.

32,219,521
45

 

Afghanistan

The eastern part of Afghanistan is more densely populated while the south is sparsely populated.

31,575,018
46

Ghana

The coastal areas, the Ashanti region, and the two principal cities, Accra and Kumasi are among the most densely populated parts of the country.

30,280,811
47

Angola

The capital Luanda houses about 10% of the country's population, and is ten times larger than the next largest city.

30,175,553
48

Nepal

Nepal's overall population density is low. The two areas of concentrated population include the southern plains of the Tarai region and hilly central part of the country.

29,609,623
49

 

Yemen

The majority of the population is found in the Asir Mountains in the west.   

29,579,986
50

 

Mozambique

About 60 percent of the population lives in the central and southern coastal provinces. 

28,861,863

Source: CIA World Factbook.

 

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