Facts & Figures
President: Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino III (2010)
Land area: 115,124 sq mi (298,171 sq km); total area: 115,830 sq mi (300,000 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 107,668,231 (growth rate: 1.81%); birth rate: 24.24/1000; infant mortality rate: 17.64/1000; life expectancy: 72.48
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Manila, 11.862 million
Other large cities: Davao 1.565 million; Cebu City 855,000; Zamboanga 884,000 (2011)
Monetary unit: Peso
National name: Republika ng Pilipinas
Languages: Filipino (based on Tagalog), English (both official); eight major dialects: Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinense
Ethnicity/race: Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000)
Religions: Roman Catholic 80.9%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 5%, Islam 5% (2000)
Literacy rate: 95.4% (2008 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $454.3 billion; per capita $4,700. Real growth rate: 6.8%. Inflation: 2.8%. Unemployment: 7.4%. Arable land: 18%. Agriculture: sugarcane, coconuts, rice, corn, bananas, cassavas, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, beef; fish. Labor force: 41.33 million; agriculture 32%, industry 15%, services 53% (2013 est.). Industries: electronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing. Natural resources: timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper. Exports: $47.45 billion (2013 est.): semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, fruits. Imports: $63.91 billion (2013 est.): electronic products, mineral fuels, machinery and transport equipment, iron and steel, textile fabrics, grains, chemicals, plastic. Major trading partners: Japan, U.S., Hong Kong, China, Singapore, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, South Korea, Thailand (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 3.939 million (2012); mobile cellular: 103 million (2012). Broadcast media:multiple national private TV and radio networks; multi-channel satellite and cable TV systems available; five national or major TV networks; one government-owned network; 1100 cable TV providers and a government-operated national TV and radio network; about 300 analog television stations; more than 1,000 radio stations; the Philippines is scheduled to complete the switch from analog to digital broadcasting by the end of 2015 (2012). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 425,812 (2012). Internet users: 8.278 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 995 km (2010). Highways: total: 213,151 km; paved: 54,481 km; unpaved: 158,670 km (2009). Waterways: 3,219 km; limited to shallow-draft (less than 1.5 m) vessels (2011). Ports and harbors:Batangas, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Liman, Manila. Airports:247 (2013).
International disputes: Philippines claims sovereignty over Scarborough Reef (also claimed by China together with Taiwan) and over certain of the Spratly Islands, known locally as the Kalayaan (Freedom) Islands, also claimed by China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea," has eased tensions in the Spratly Islands but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants; in March 2005, the national oil companies of China, the Philippines, and Vietnam signed a joint accord to conduct marine seismic activities in the Spratly Islands; Philippines retains a dormant claim to Malaysia's Sabah State in northern Borneo based on the Sultanate of Sulu's granting the Philippines Government power of attorney to pursue a sovereignty claim on his behalf; maritime delimitation negotiations continue with Palau.