Vietnam | Facts & Information

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Facts & Figures

  • Official name: Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Cng hòa xã hi ch ngha Vit Nam)

    Land area: 119,719 sq mi (310,070 sq km)

    Total area: 127,881 sq mi (331,210 sq km)

    President: Trn i Quang (Since 2016)

    Prime Minister: Nguyn Xuân Phúc (Since 2016)

    Current government officials

    Capital: Hanoi, 1.064 million (2018)

    Other large cities: Ho Chi Minh City 8.145 million; Da Nang 1.444 million; Hai Phong 1.219 million; Can Tho 1.175 million; Haiphong 1.075 million (2018)

    Currency: Vietnamese dong

    National Holiday: Multiple. National Day (9/2) celebrates Vietnamese independence, while the "Day of Liberating the South for National Reunification" celebrates the unification of the country after the Vietnam War. The Vietnamese new year (Tt Nguyên án) is the biggest holiday.


    Population: 96,160,163 (July 2017 est.)

    Population Change: Growth rate: 0.93%; 15.5 births/1,000 population, 5.9 deaths/1,000 population, -0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population; infant mortality rate: 17.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)

    Life Expectancy: 73.7 years


    Nationality/Demonym: Vietnamese (ngi Vit) for the nationality, Vietnamese/Kinh (ngi Vit or ngi Kinh) for the ethnicity

    Languages: Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

    Ethnicity/race: Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, Hoa 1%, other 4.3% (2009 est.)
    Note: There are 54 officially recognized ethnicities in Vietnam.

    Religions: Buddhist 7.9%, Catholic 6.6%, Hoa Hao 1.7%, Cao Dai 0.9%, Protestant 0.9%, Muslim 0.1%, none 81.8% (2009 est.)

    Literacy rate: 94.5% (2015 est.)


    Major sources and definitions

See also: