Facts & Figures
President: François Hollande (2012)
Prime Minister: Manuel Valls (2014)
Land area: 210,668 sq mi (545,630 sq km); total area: 211,209 sq mi (547,030 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 66,259,012 (growth rate: 0.45%); birth rate: 12.49/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.31/1000; life expectancy: 81.66
Capital and largest city (2014 est.): Paris, 10.764 (metro. area)
Other large cities: Lyon 1.597 million; Marseille-Aix-en-Provence 1.595 million; Lille 1.025 million; Nice-Cannes 961,000; Toulouse 926,000 (2014)
Monetary unit: Euro (formerly French franc)
National name: République Française
Languages: French (official) 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)
Ethnicity/race: Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Southeast Asian, and Basque minorities
Religions: Christian (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic) 63-66%, Muslim 7-9%, Jewish .5-.75%, Buddhist .5-.75%, other .5-1.0%, none 23-28%
National Holiday: Fete de la Federation, July 14
Literacy rate: 99% (2011 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2014 est.): $2.902 trillion; per capita $40,400. Real growth rate: 0.4%. Inflation: 0.7%. Unemployment: 9.7%. Arable land: 33.45%. Agriculture: wheat, cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, wine grapes; beef, dairy products; fish. Labor force: 29.87 million; services 76.4%, industry 20.6%, agriculture 2.9% (2012). Industries: machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism. Natural resources: coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorospar, gypsum, timber, fish. Exports: $578.3 billion (2014 est.): machinery and transportation equipment, aircraft, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, iron and steel, beverages. Imports: $634 billion (2014 est.): machinery and equipment, vehicles, crude oil, aircraft, plastics, chemicals. Major trading partners: Germany, Spain, UK, Italy, Belgium, U.S., Netherlands (2013).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 39.29 million (2012); mobile cellular: 62.28 million (2012). Broadcast media: a mix of both publicly operated and privately owned TV stations; state-owned France Televisions operates 4 networks, one of which is a network of regional stations, and has part-interest in several thematic cable/satellite channels and international channels; a large number of privately owned regional and local TV stations; multi-channel satellite and cable services provide a large number of channels; public broadcaster Radio France operates 7 national networks, a series of regional networks, and operates services for overseas territories and foreign audiences; Radio France Internationale (RFI), under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is a leading international broadcaster; a large number of commercial FM stations, with many of them consolidating into commercial networks (2008). Television broadcast stations: 584 (plus 9,676 repeaters). Internet hosts: 17.266 million (2012). Internet users: 45.26 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 29,640 km (2011). Roadways: total: 1,028,446 km; paved: paved: 951,220 km (including 10,490 km of expressways); unpaved: 0 km (2011). Waterways: 8,500 km (1,686 km accessible to craft of 3,000 metric tons) (2011). Ports and harbors: Bordeaux, Calais, Dunkerque, La Pallice, Le Havre, Marseille, Nantes, Paris, Rouen, Strasbourg. Airports: 464 (2013 est.).
International disputes: Madagascar claims the French territories of Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, and Juan de Nova Island; Comoros claims Mayotte; Mauritius claims Tromelin Island; territorial dispute between Suriname and the French overseas department of French Guiana; France asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Adelie Land); France and Vanuatu claim Matthew and Hunter Islands, east of New Caledonia.