Peru | Facts & Information

Infoplease has everything you need to know about Peru. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Peru's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags.

Facts & Figures

  • Official name: Republic of Peru (República del Perú)

    Land area: 494,208 sq mi (1,279,999 sq km)

    Total area: 496,223 sq mi (1,285,220 sq km)

    Prime Minister: Mercedes Aráoz (Since 2017)

    President: Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (Since 2016)

    Current government officials

    Capital: Lima, 9.752 million (2015 est.)

    Other large city: Arequipa, 804,000

    Currency: Nuevo sol

    National Holiday: Fiestas Patrias (7/28 and 7/29)

     

    Population: 31,036,656 (July 2017 est.)

    Population Change: Growth rate: 0.95%; 17.8 births/1,000 population, 6.1 deaths/1,000 population, -2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population; infant mortality rate: 18.4 deaths/1,000 live births  (2017 est.)

    Life Expectancy: 74 years

     

    Nationality/Demonym: Peruvian (Peruano/a)

    Languages: Spanish 84.1%, Quéchua 13%; Aymara 1.7% (all three official); many minor Amazonian languages

    Ethnicity/race: Amerindian 45%, mestizo 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3% (2007 est.)

    Religions: Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified or none 2.9% (2007 est.)

    Literacy rate: 94.2% (2016 est.)

     

    Major sources and definitions

See also: