Facts & Figures
President: Abdul Hamid (2013)
Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina (2009)
Land area: 51,703 sq mi (133,911 sq km); total area: 55,598 sq mi (144,000 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 166,280,712 (growth rate: 1.6%); birth rate: 21.61/1000; infant mortality rate: 45.67/1000; life expectancy: 70.65
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Dhaka, 15.391 million
Other large cities: Chittagong, 5.239 million; Khulna, 1.781 million; Rajshahi 932,000
Monetary unit: Taka
Principal languages: Bangla (official), English
Ethnicity/race: Bengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims (1998)
Religions: Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004)
National Holiday: Independence Day, March 26
Literacy rate: 57.7% (2011 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $324.6 billion; per capita $2,100. Real growth rate: 5.8%. Inflation: 7.6%. Unemployment: 5% (includes underemployment). Arable land: 52.97%. Agriculture: rice, jute, tea, wheat, sugarcane, potatoes, tobacco, pulses, oilseeds, spices, fruit; beef, milk, poultry. Labor force: 78.62 million; note: extensive export of labor to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Qatar, and Malaysia; agriculture 47%, industry 13%, services 40% (2013). Industries: cotton textiles, jute, garments, tea processing, paper newsprint, cement, chemical fertilizer, light engineering, sugar. Natural resources: natural gas, arable land, timber, coal. Exports: $26.91 billion (2013 est.): garments, jute and jute goods, leather, frozen fish and seafood. Imports: $32.94 billion (2013 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs, petroleum products, cement. Major trading partners: U.S., Germany, UK, France, Italy, India, China, Kuwait, Japan, Spain, Canada, Malaysia, Republic of Korea (2013).
Member of Commonwealth of Nations
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 962,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 97.18 million (2011). Broadcast media: state-owned Bangladesh Television (BTV) operates 1 terrestrial TV station, 3 radio networks, and about 10 local stations; 8 private satellite TV stations and 3 private radio stations also broadcasting; foreign satellite TV stations are gaining audience share in the large cities; several international radio broadcasters are available (2007). Internet hosts: 71,164 (2012). Internet users: 617,300 (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 2,622 km. Highways: total: 21, 269 km; paved: 1,063 km; unpaved: 20,206 km (2010). Waterways: 8,370 km; note: includes 3,060 km main cargo routes (2005). Ports and harbors: Chittagong, Mongla Port. Airports: 18 (2013).
International disputes: Bangladesh referred its maritime boundary claims with Burma and India to the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea; Indian Prime Minister Singh's September 2011 visit to Bangladesh resulted in the signing of a Protocol to the 1974 Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh, which had called for the settlement of longstanding boundary disputes over undemarcated areas and the exchange of territorial enclaves, but which had never been implemented; Bangladesh struggles to accommodate 29,000 Rohingya, Burmese Muslim minority from Arakan State, living as refugees in Cox's Bazar; Burmese border authorities are constructing a 200 km (124 mi) wire fence designed to deter illegal cross-border transit and tensions from the military build-up along border.