Facts & Figures
Ruler: King Felipe VI (2014)
Prime Minister: Mariano Rajoy (2011)
Land area: 192,819 sq mi (499,401 sq km); total area: 194,896 sq mi (504,782 sq km)1
Population (2014 est.): 47,737,941 (growth rate: 0.81%); birth rate: 9.88/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.33/1000; life expectancy: 81.47; density per sq mi: 240
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Madrid, 6.574 million
Other large cities: Barcelona, 5.57 million; Valencia, 797,000
Monetary unit: Euro (formerly peseta)
National name: Reino de España
Languages: Castilian Spanish 74% (official nationwide); Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2% (each official regionally)
Ethnicity/race: composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%
Literacy rate: 97.7% (2010 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $1.389 trillion; per capita $30,100. Real growth rate: -1.3%. Inflation: 1.8%. Unemployment: 26.3%. Arable land: 24.75%. Agriculture: grain, vegetables, olives, wine grapes, sugar beets, citrus; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish. Labor force: 23.2 million (2013 est.); agriculture 4.2%, manufacturing, mining, and construction 24%, services 71.7% (2009 est.). Industries: textiles and apparel (including footwear), food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, tourism, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment. Natural resources: coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land. Exports: $458 billion (2013 est.): machinery, motor vehicles; foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, medicines, other consumer goods. Imports: $431 billion (2013 est.): machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, semifinished goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods, measuring and medical control instruments. Major trading partners: France, Germany, China, Portugal, Italy, UK, Netherlands (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 19.22 million (2012); mobile cellular: 50.663 million (2012). Radio broadcast stations: AM 208, FM 715, shortwave 1 (2008). Radios: 13.1 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 224 (plus 2,105 repeaters); note: these figures include 11 television broadcast stations and 88 repeaters in the Canary Islands (2008). Televisions: 16.2 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 4.228 million (2012). Internet users: 28.119 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 15,293 km (2008). Highways: total: 683,175 km; paved: 683,175 km (including 16,205 km of expressways) (2011). Waterways: 1,000 km (2012). Ports and harbors: Aviles, Barcelona, Bilbao, Cadiz, Cartagena, Castellon de la Plana, Ceuta, Huelva, La Coruna, Las Palmas (Canary Islands), Malaga, Melilla, Pasajes, Gijon, Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands), Santander, Tarragona, Valencia, Vigo. Airports: 150 (2013).
International disputes: in 2002, Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum to reject any "shared sovereignty" arrangement; the Government of Gibraltar insists on equal participation in talks between the UK and Spain; Spain disapproves of UK plans to grant Gibraltar greater autonomy; Morocco protests Spain's control over the coastal enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and the islands of Penon de Velez de la Gomera, Penon de Alhucemas, and Islas Chafarinas, and surrounding waters; both countries claim Isla Perejil (Leila Island); Morocco serves as the primary launching site of illegal migration into Spain from North Africa; Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of Badajoz.