Climatologists, meteorologists, and hydrologists at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) compiled a list of the world's most notable weather, water, and climate events in the twentieth century. Criteria for selection included an event's magnitude, meteorological uniqueness, as well as its economic impact and death toll. Events are listed in chronological order.
Source: consensus of climate and weather experts at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). For background on individual events, see www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories/s334c.htm .
Retired Hurricane Names Weather El Nio
|1910?1914, 1940?44, 1970?85||Sahel Drought, Africa|
|India: 1900, 1907, 1965?67; China: 1907, 1928?30, 1936, 1941?42; Soviet Union: 1921?22||Asian Droughts|
|1912, 1922||China Typhoons|
|1931||Yangtze River Flood, China|
|1952||Great Smog of London|
|1953||Europe Storm Surge|
|1954||Great Iran Flood|
|1958||Typhoon Vera, Japan|
|1971||North Vietnam Flood|
|1991||Typhoon Thelma, Philippines|
|1998||Hurricane Mitch, Honduras and Nicaragua|