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South Holland

(Encyclopedia) South Holland, Dutch Zuidholland, province (1994 pop. 3,313,200), c.1,085 sq mi (2,810 sq km), W Netherlands, bounded by the North Sea in the west. The Hague…

David, T. W. E.

(Encyclopedia) David, T. W. E. (Sir Tannatt William Edgeworth), 1858–1935, Australian geologist and explorer, b. near Cardiff, Wales. David came to Australia in 1882 as an assistant…

Maury, Matthew Fontaine

(Encyclopedia) Maury, Matthew Fontaine fŏntān´ môr´ē [key], 1806–73, American hydrographer and naval officer, b. near Fredericksburg, Va. Appointed a midshipman in 1825, he saw varied…

Humboldt, Alexander, Freiherr von

(Encyclopedia) Humboldt, Alexander, Freiherr von hŭm´bōlt, Ger. älĕksän´dər frī´hĕr fən ho͝om´bôlt [key], 1769–1859, German naturalist, inventor, explorer, and author, the most eminent…

Persian Gulf

(Encyclopedia) Persian Gulf, arm of the Arabian Sea, 90,000 sq mi (233,100 sq km), between the Arabian peninsula and Iran, extending c.600 mi (970 km) from the Shatt al Arab delta to…

Great Plains

(Encyclopedia) Great Plains, extensive grassland region on the continental slope of central North America. They extend from the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba…

geography

(Encyclopedia) geography, the science of place, i.e., the study of the surface of the earth, the location and distribution of its physical and cultural features, the areal patterns or…

Atlantic Ocean

(Encyclopedia) Atlantic Ocean [Lat.,=of Atlas], second largest ocean (c.31,800,000 sq mi/82,362,000 sq km; c.36,000,000 sq mi/93,240,000 sq km with marginal seas). Physical…

Pacific Ocean

(Encyclopedia) Pacific Ocean, largest and deepest ocean, c.70,000,000 sq mi (181,300,000 sq km), occupying about one third of the earth's surface; named by the explorer Ferdinand…