Mexico Map: Regions, Geography, Facts & Figures

Mexico, officially called the United Mexican States, is a country located in North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States of America, to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean, to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea, and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. It has a diverse landscape, with deserts and mountains, and is home to a variety of flora and fauna. The country is also known for its rich history and culture, with ancient civilizations such as the Maya and Aztecs having left a lasting impact on the country.

Today, Mexico is a popular tourist destination, with visitors flocking to its beaches, historic sites, and vibrant cities. Mexican cuisine is also celebrated around the world for its bold flavors and unique ingredients, such as chili peppers, avocado, and lime. Overall, Mexico is a fascinating and multifaceted country that is certainly worth exploring in depth.

If you want to discover more in-depth information about Mexico as a country, check out our Mexico Profile!

Plus, test your country knowledge with our world geography quiz, Can You Name These Pyramids From Around The World?

Mexico Facts: History

Mexico is a country with a rich and complex history. The region was inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century. Mexico City, the capital city, was built on the ruins of Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire.

After Mexico gained independence from Spain in the early 19th century, it underwent a period of political upheaval and instability, including the Mexican-American War in which the United States acquired a significant portion of Mexican territory. Today, Mexico is a federal republic with a diverse and vibrant culture that reflects its indigenous, Spanish, and modern influences.

Mexico Facts: Geography

Mexico is the third-largest country in Latin America and the 11th largest in the world, covering an area of 761,606 sq mi. The country is divided into 31 states (including Chihuahua, Baja California, Durango, San Luis Potosí, and Tlaxcala) and one federal district, Mexico City. Its diverse geography includes deserts, mountains, forests, and coastlines along both the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. The Rio Grande, which forms part of the border between Mexico and the USA, is the country's longest river. Other major bodies of water include the Gulf of California and the Caribbean Sea.

To the south of the Valley of Mexico, known as the Anáhuac, there’s a chain of extinct volcanoes, including Orizaba (or Citlaltépetl, the highest point in Mexico at 18,700 feet), Popocatépetl, and Iztaccá­huatl.

Mexico is bordered by the United States of America to the north, specifically the U.S. states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California. Historically, Mexico is viewed as North American, but is also a part of Central America, with countries like Guatemala and Honduras.

Mexico Facts: Tourist Attractions

Mexico is a popular tourist destination, known for its warm climate, beautiful beaches, and rich cultural heritage. Some of the country's major cities include Cancun, Guadalajara, Monterrey, and Tijuana. The Yucatán Peninsula is home to the ancient Mayan ruins of Chichén Itzá and Tulum, while Oaxaca and Puebla are known for their colonial architecture and traditional crafts.

The states of Veracruz and Michoacán are famous for their natural beauty, including the Orizaba volcano and the Laguna de Catemaco. Other attractions include the Guanajuato mummies, the Zacatecas silver mines, and the Querétaro aqueduct.

Tulum Maya Ruin, Mexico
Image Source: Getty Images

People Also Ask...

If you're inspecting the map of Mexico, you may have some queries about the region. Here are some of the most frequently asked questions, along with their answers.

How Many States in Mexico?

Mexico is divided into 31 states and one federal district (Mexico City). Each state has its own unique culture and attractions, ranging from ancient ruins to colonial architecture to natural wonders. The country's diverse geography and vibrant culture make it a fascinating place to explore.

What Is the Capital of Mexico?

Mexico has one capital, which is Mexico City. It is the country's largest city and the most populous metropolitan area in the Western Hemisphere. Mexico City serves as the political, cultural, and financial center of the country, and is home to many historical and cultural landmarks, including the National Palace, the Metropolitan Cathedral, and the Frida Kahlo Museum.

What Is Mexico Best Known For?

Mexico is best known for its extensive and varied cultural heritage, which includes its historic civilizations, lively art and music scenes, and mouthwatering gastronomy. The nation is also renowned for its breathtaking natural scenery, lovely beaches, and warm hospitality.