(Encyclopedia) Hodgkin, Howard (Sir Gordon Howard Eliot Hodgkin), 1932–2017, English painter and printmaker, b. London. He attended the Camberwell School of Art, London, and Bath Academy of Art,… (Encyclopedia) Hodgkin's disease, a type of cancer of the lymphatic system. First identified in 1832 in England by Thomas Hodgkin, it is a type of malignant lymphoma. Incidence peaks in young… (Encyclopedia) Hodgson, Ralph, 1871–1962, English poet. He wrote five volumes of poetry before his collected poems appeared in 1917. After a silence of nearly 40 years—during which time he taught in… (Encyclopedia) Hodler, Ferdinand hd´lr, 1853–1918, Swiss painter and lithographer. Known for his emotion-laden portraits and landscapes, he is particularly beloved in his native country. At first… (Encyclopedia) Hódmezvásárhely hôd´mzöväshärh, city (1991 est. pop. 51,180), SE Hungary, near the Tisza River. An agricultural center, it also produces machinery, textiles, and pottery. The city… (Encyclopedia) hoe, usually a flat blade, variously shaped, set in a long wooden handle and used primarily for weeding and for loosening the soil. It was the first distinctly agricultural implement.… (Encyclopedia) Hoek van Holland hook vän hôl´änt or Hook of Holland, district of Rotterdam, W Netherlands, on the North Sea. It is an outer port of Rotterdam, with which it is connected by the New… (Encyclopedia) Hoel, Sigurd s´goor h´l, 1890–1960, Norwegian novelist. Hoel's sophisticated novels of urban life include the witty satire Sinners in Summertime (1927, tr. 1930) and the more… (Encyclopedia) Hof hf, city (1994 pop. 52,720), Bavaria, E central Germany, on the Saale River, near the Czech border. The city's industries produce textiles, beer, and machinery. Hof was first… (Encyclopedia) Hofei: see Hefei, China.