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adaptation

(Encyclopedia) adaptation, in biology, has several meanings. It can mean the adjustment of living matter to environmental conditions and to other living things either in an organism's lifetime (physiological ...

adaptive radiation

(Encyclopedia) adaptive radiation, in biology, the evolution of an ancestral species, which was adapted to a particular way of life, into many diverse species, each adapted to a different habitat. Adaptive ra...

ethnocentrism

(Encyclopedia) ethnocentrism, the feeling that one's group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation that are superior to those of other groups. It is coupled with a generalized contempt for me...

O'Gorman, Juan

(Encyclopedia) O'Gorman, Juan, 1905–82, Mexican architect. Trained by Villagran Garcia, O'Gorman produced designs adapting the International style to Mexican requirements. O'Gorman's most notable wor...

Chiabrera, Gabriello

(Encyclopedia) Chiabrera, Gabriello gäbrē-ĕl´lō kyäbrĕ´rä [key], 1552–1638?, Italian poet. He adapted classical forms to Italian verse and wrote graceful lyrics in the manner of Anacreon. Wordswor...

Diphilus

(Encyclopedia) Diphilus dĭf´ĭləs [key], fl. 300 BC, Greek dramatist of the New Comedy, b. Sinope. His many dramas (perhaps 100) were extensively adapted by Plautus and Terence and influenced the entire R...

Otway, Thomas

(Encyclopedia) Otway, Thomas, 1652–85, English dramatist, educated at Winchester and at Oxford. After failing as an actor, Otway wrote his first play, Alcibiades, produced in 1675. Later plays includ...

Gerard, John

(Encyclopedia) Gerard, John jĕr´ärd, jərärd´ [key], 1545–1612, English botanist and barber-surgeon. He compiled a catalog (1596) of the plants in his garden, the first of its kind to be published in ...