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Chiapas

(Encyclopedia) Chiapas chēä´päs [key], state (1990 pop. 3,210,496), 28,732 sq mi (74,416 sq km), SE Mexico, on the Pacific Ocean between Guatemala and the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Tuxtla Gutiérrez ...

Tapachula

(Encyclopedia) Tapachula täpächo͞o´lä [key], city (1990 pop. 138,858) Chiapas state, SE Mexico, at the foot of the Chiapas highlands and near the Guatemala border. It is the commercial center of a coffe...

Tuxtla Gutiérrez

(Encyclopedia) Tuxtla Gutiérrez to͞os´tlä go͞otyār´rās [key] or Tuxtla, city (1990 pop. 289,626), capital of Chiapas state, SE Mexico, in the fertile Grijalva valley and at the foot of ...

Grijalva

(Encyclopedia) Grijalva grēhäl´vä [key], river, c.400 mi (640 km) long, rising in SW Guatemala and flowing NW into S Mexico and N through Chiapas and Tabasco states to the Gulf of Campeche. It is navigab...

Bonampak

(Encyclopedia) Bonampak bōnämpäk´ [key], ruined city of the Late Classic period of the Maya , close to Tuxtla , in Chiapas, S Mexico. Discovered in 1946, it consists of a group of temples, on...

Palenque

(Encyclopedia) Palenque pälāng´kĕ [key], ancient city of the Maya in Chiapas, S Mexico, in the Usumacinta Valley. Its architectural elegance, adapted to tropical and topographical conditions, was ...

El Chichón

(Encyclopedia) El Chichón, volcano, Chiapas, Mexico, 40 mi (59 km) SSW of Villahermosa, rising to 3,478 ft (1,060 m). Also known as Chichonal, it had not erupted significantly in historic times until 1982, w...

Las Casas, Bartolomé de

(Encyclopedia) Las Casas, Bartolomé de bärtōlōmā´ dā läs kä´säs [key], 1474–1566, Spanish missionary and historian, called the apostle of the Indies. He went to Hispaniola with his father in 150...

Zapotec

(Encyclopedia) Zapotec zä´pətĕk, sä´– [key], indigenous people of Mexico, primarily in S Oaxaca and on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Little is known of the origin of the Zapotec. Unlike most native peo...

Maya

(Encyclopedia) Maya mī´ə, Span. mä´yä [key], indigenous people of S Mexico and Central America, occupying an area comprising the Yucatán peninsula and much of the present state of Chiapas in Mexico, G...