Faroe Islands: Maps, History, Geography, Government, Culture, Facts, Guide & Travel/Holidays/Cities
Status: Autonomous part of Denmark
Chief of State: Queen Margrethe II (1972)
High Commissioner: Birgit Kleis (2001)
Prime Minister: Kaj Leo Johannessen (2008)
Total area: 541 sq mi (1,401 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 49,947 (growth rate: 0.49%); birth rate: 13.57/1000; infant mortality rate: 5.71/1000; life expectancy: 80.11
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Tórshavn, 20,000
Monetary unit: Faroese krone
Languages: Faroese, Danish (both official)
Religion: Evangelical Lutheran 83.8%, other and unspecified 16.2% (2006 census)
Literacy rate: n.a.; note - probably 99%, the same as Denmark proper
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2010 est.): $1.471 billion; $30,500 per capita. Real growth rate: 2.9% (2010 est.). Inflation: 2.3% (2011). Unemployment: 6.8% (2011). Arable land: 2.15%. Agriculture: milk, potatoes, vegetables; sheep; salmon, other fish. Labor force: 34,710 (2010): agriculture 10.7%, industry 18.9%, services 70.3%. Industries: fishing, fish processing, small ship repair and refurbishment, handicrafts. Exports: $824 million (2010): fish and fish products 94%, stamps, ships. Imports: $776 million (2010): goods for household consumption 24%, machinery and transport equipment 23.5%, fuels 21.4%, raw materials and semi-manufactures, salt). Major trading partners: Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Germany, UK, Nigeria, Netherlands, Russia, China (2012).
This group of 18 islands, of which 17 are inhabited, is located in the North Atlantic about 200 mi (322 km) northwest of the Shetland Islands. They were settled by the Vikings, the ancestors of the modern-day Faroese, in the 8th century. The Faroese language is derived from Old Norse. The islands joined Denmark in 1386 and have been part of the Danish kingdom ever since. The Faroes have had home rule, under Danish authority, since 1948.
|Outlying Territories of Denmark|