Gap Between Rich and Poor: World Income Inequality

To understand how many inhabitants of a country are poor, it is not enough to know a country's per capita income. The number of poor people in a country and the average quality of life depend on how equally or unequally income is distributed across the population. A Gini index value of 0 represents absolute equality, and a value of 100 indicates absolute inequality.

 Countries with
greatest inequality
Gini
index
1.Lesotho63.2
2.South Africa63.1
3.Botswana63.0
4.Sierra Leone62.9
5.Central African Republic61.3
6.Namibia59.7
7.Haiti59.2
8.Colombia58.5
9.Honduras57.7
10.Guatemala55.1
11.Hong Kong53.7
12.Thailand53.6
13.Paraguay53.2
14.Bolivia53.0
15.Chile52.1
16.Panama51.9
17.Brazil51.9
18.Papua New Guinea50.9
19.Zambia50.8
20.Swaziland50.4
21.Costa Rica50.3
22.Gambia50.2
23.Zimbabwe50.1
24.Sri Lanka49.0
25.Mexico48.3
26.Singapore47.8
27.Ecuador47.7
28.Madagascar47.5
29.China47.4
30.Dominican Republic47.2
 Countries with
greatest equality
Gini
Index
1.Sweden23.0
2.Slovenia23.8
3.Montenegro24.3
4.Hungary24.7
5.Denmark24.8
6.Norway25.0
7.Luxembourg26.0
8.Slovakia26.0
9.Austria26.3
10.Finland26.8
11.Germany27.0
12.Belarus27.2
13.Malta27.4
14.Iceland28.0
15.Belgium28.0
16.Serbia28.2
17.Ukraine28.2
18.Kazakhstan28.9
19.Cyprus29.0
20.Switzerland29.6
21.Ethiopia30.0
22.Kosovo30.0
23.Australia30.3
24.Pakistan30.6
25.European Union30.7
26.Netherlands30.9
27.Armenia30.9
27.Czech Republic31.0
29.Estonia31.3
30.Italy31.9
Note: Table data is based on most recent date of information, which varies by country.
Source: World Development Index 2013, World Factbook.