Chile | Facts & Information

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Facts & Figures

  • Official name: The Republic of Chile (La República de Chile)

    Land area: 289,112 sq mi (748,800 sq km)

    Total area: 292,260 sq mi (756,950 sq km)

    President: Sebastián Piñera (Since 2018)

    Current government officials

    Capital: Santiago,  6.68 million (2018 est.)

    Other large cities: Valparaiso 967,000; Concepcion 857,000 (2018)

    Currency: Chilean Peso

    National Holiday: Independence Day, September 18


    Population: 17,789,267 (2017 est.)

    Population Change: Growth rate: 0.77%; 13.97 births/1,000 population, 6.2 deaths/1,000 population, 0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population; infant mortality rate: 6.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)

    Life Expectancy: 78.9 years (2017 est.)


    Nationality/Demonym: Chilean (Chileno/a)

    Languages: Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2% note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)

    Ethnicity/race: white and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est.)

    Religions: Roman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1% (2012 est.)

    Literacy rate: 97.5% (2015 est.)


    Major sources and definitions

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