Colombia | Facts & Information

Infoplease has everything you need to know about Colombia. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Colombia's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags.

Facts & Figures

  • Official name: Republic of Colombia (República de Colombia)

    Land area: 401,042 sq mi (1,038,699 sq km)

    Total area: 439,736 sq mi (1,138,910 sq km)

    President: Ivan Duque (Since 2018)

    Current government officials

    Capital: Bogotá, 10.574 million (2018)

    Other large cities: Medellin 3.934 million; Cali 2.726 million; Barranquilla 2.218 million; Bucaramanga 1.295 million; Cartagena 1.047 million; Cucuta 913,000 (2018)

    Currency: Colombian Peso

    National Holiday: Independence Day (7/20)

     

    Population: 47,698,524 (2017 est.)

    Population Change: Growth rate: 0.99%; 16.1 births/1,000 population, 5.5 deaths/1,000 population, -0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population; infant mortality rate: 13.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)

    Life Expectancy: 75.9 years (2017 est.)

     

    Nationality/Demonym: Colombian (Colombiano/a)

    Languages: Spanish (official) 99.2%

    Ethnicity/race: mestizo and white 84.2%, Afro-Colombian (includes mulatto, Raizal, and Palenquero) 10.4%, Amerindian 3.4%, Romani <.01, unspecified 2.1% (2005 Census est.)

    Religions: Roman Catholic 79%, Protestant 14% (includes Pentecostal 6%, mainline Protestant 2%, other 6%), other 2%, unspecified 5% (2014 est.)

    Literacy rate: 94.2% (2015 est.)

     

    Major sources and definitions

See also: