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Hirsch, Emil Gustav

(Encyclopedia) Hirsch, Emil Gustav hûrsh, 1851–1923, American rabbi, b. Luxembourg. He was rabbi in Baltimore and Louisville, Ky., but is best known for his work as rabbi of the Sinai congregation of…

Hirsch, Maurice, baron de

(Encyclopedia) Hirsch, Maurice, baron de mrs´ bärôN´ d hrsh, 1831–96, German Jewish financier and philanthropist. The benefactor of numerous organizations and causes, his most ambitious project…

Hirsch, Samson Raphael

(Encyclopedia) Hirsch, Samson Raphael, 1808–88, German rabbi and chief exponent of Neo-Orthodoxy. As rabbi in Frankfurt-am-Main, he advocated the organization of autonomous Orthodox congregations…

Hirschberg

(Encyclopedia) Hirschberg: see Jelenia Góra, Poland.

Hirschfeld, Al

(Encyclopedia) Hirschfeld, Al (Albert Hirschfeld)hûrsh´fld, 1903–2003, American graphic artist, b. St. Louis. He and his family moved to New York City when he was 12, and he studied art there and in…

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden

(Encyclopedia) Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C. Part of the Smithsonian Institution, the museum was designed by Gordon Bunshaft to house 6,000 pieces of the enormous art…

Hirschman, Albert Otto

(Encyclopedia) Hirschman, Albert Otto, 1915–2012, U.S. economist and social scientist, b. Berlin, Germany, as Otto Albert Hirschmann, Ph.D. Univ. of Trieste, 1938. Of Jewish descent, he fled Germany…

Hirst, Damien Steven

(Encyclopedia) Hirst, Damien Steven, 1965–, British artist-provacateur, b. Bristol. While at Goldsmiths College, London (grad. 1988), he organized the exhibition Freeze, whose participants, led by…

Hirtius, Aulus

(Encyclopedia) Hirtius, Aulus ô´ls hûr´shs, d. 43 &BC;, Roman soldier. He was a friend of Julius Caesar, with whom he served in Gaul. After Caesar's assassination (44 &BC;) Hirtius…

Hisar

(Encyclopedia) Hisar or Hissarboth: hsär´, city (1991 pop. 181,225), Haryana state, NW India, on the West Yamuna Canal. It is a district administrative center in a well-irrigated area and is a…