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excommunication

(Encyclopedia) excommunication, formal expulsion from a religious body, the most grave of all ecclesiastical censures. Where religious and social communities are nearly identical it is…

The Devil's Dictionary: Excommunication

by Ambrose Bierce EXCESSEXECUTIVEEXCOMMUNICATION -n. This "excommunication" is a word In speech ecclesiastical oft heard, And means the damning, with bell, book and candle, Some…

Brewer's: Excommunication

(1) The greater is exclusion of an individual from the seven sacraments, from every legitimate act, and from all intercourse with the faithful. (2) The lesser excommunication is…

anathema

(Encyclopedia) anathema ənă´thĭmə [key] [Gr.,=something set up; dedicated to a divinity as a votive offering], term that came to denote something devoted to a divinity for destruction…

Benedict XI

(Encyclopedia) Benedict XI, d. 1304, pope (1303–4), an Italian (b. Treviso) named Niccolo Boccasini; successor of Boniface VIII. Prior to his election he had been master general of the…

Cargill, Donald

(Encyclopedia) Cargill, Donald, 1619?–1681, Scottish Covenanter . He was a minister in Glasgow from c.1655 until 1662, when he was expelled for denouncing the Restoration and…

Kildare, Thomas Fitzgerald, 10th earl of

(Encyclopedia) Kildare, Thomas Fitzgerald, 10th earl of, 1513–37, Irish nobleman, called Silken Thomas. When his father, the 9th earl and lord deputy of Ireland, was summoned…

Celestine I, Saint

(Encyclopedia) Celestine I, Saint sĕl´əstĭn [key], d. 432, pope (422–32), an Italian; successor of St. Boniface I. The opposition of St. Cyril of Alexandria to Nestorianism…

Stuart, Alexander, earl of Buchan

(Encyclopedia) Stuart or Stewart, Alexander, earl of Buchan bŭkh´an, bŭk´– [key], 1343?–1405?, Scottish nobleman; fourth son of Robert II. He held various offices under the…

Mivart, St. George Jackson

(Encyclopedia) Mivart, St. George Jackson mī´vərt [key], 1827–1900, English anatomist and biologist. He contributed important anatomical studies of the insectivores and carnivores. He…