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WEU

(Encyclopedia) WEU: see Western European Union.

J

(Encyclopedia) J, 10th letter of the alphabet, a Western European medieval development of I, with which it was formerly quite interchangeable in writing. It is pronounced as a consonant in English…

Western European Union

(Encyclopedia) Western European Union (WEU), European security and defense organization. It was set up in Brussels in 1955 as a defensive, economic, social, and cultural organization, consisting of…

value-added tax

(Encyclopedia) value-added tax (VAT), levy imposed on business at all levels of the manufacture and production of a good or service and based on the increase in price, or value, provided by each…

Saint Valentine's Day

(Encyclopedia) Saint Valentine's Day, Western European Christian holiday, originally the Roman feast of Lupercalia. It was christianized in memory of the martyrdom of St. Valentine in &AD;…

Jooss, Kurt

(Encyclopedia) Jooss, Kurt koort ys, 1901–79, German dancer, producer, and choreographer. Jooss was a student of Rudolf von Laban and was influenced by Émile Jacques-Dalcroze. The Green Table (1932…

Whitby, Synod of

(Encyclopedia) Whitby, Synod of, called by King Oswy of Northumbria in 663 at Whitby, England. Its purpose was to choose between the usages of the Celtic and Roman churches, primarily in the matter…

Schmidt, Helmut

(Encyclopedia) Schmidt, Helmut hl´moot shmt, 1918–2015, German political leader, chancellor of West Germany (1974–82). After serving in World War II, he entered politics and joined the Social…

D'Alema, Massimo

(Encyclopedia) D'Alema, Massimo mäs´sm däl´mä, 1949–, Italian politician, premier (1998–2000) of Italy. A member of the Italian Communist party (PCI) since 1968, he worked as a journalist…