(Encyclopedia) stem cells, unspecialized human or animal cells that can produce mature specialized body cells and at the same time replicate themselves. Embryonic stem cells are derived from a? (Encyclopedia) Gurdon, Sir John Bertrand, 1933?, British biologist, Ph.D. Oxford, 1962. He has been a researcher at Cambridge since 1971. Gurdon was the joint recipient of the 2012 Nobel Prize in? (Encyclopedia) Yamanaka, Shinya, 1962?, Japanese physician and researcher, grad. Kobe Univ. (M.D., 1987), Osaka City Univ. (Ph.D., 1993). He was a professor at Osaka City Univ. (1996?99), the Nara? (Encyclopedia) Evans, Sir Martin John, British geneticist, Ph.D., University College London, 1969. After serving on the faculty at University College London (1966?78) and Cambridge (1978?99), he? (Encyclopedia) umbilical cord ?mb?l?k?l, cordlike structure about 22 in. (56 cm) long in the pregnant human female, extending from the abdominal wall of the fetus to the placenta. Its chief function? (Encyclopedia) clone, group of organisms, all of which are descended from a single individual through asexual reproduction, as in a pure cell culture of bacteria. Except for changes in the hereditary? South Korean scientist, suffered a stunning blow when former colleagues and a group of young scientists made a series of disclosures that undermined the advances Hwang had claimed to have? (Encyclopedia) Torvalds, Linus Benedict, 1969?, Finnish-American computer software engineer. A member of Finland's Swedish-speaking minority, he attended the Univ. of Helsinki (M.S., 1996),? (Encyclopedia) Wilmut, Sir Ian, 1944? British embryologist, b. Warwickshire, England, Ph.D. Cambridge, 1971. While doing postdoctoral research at Cambridge, he was part of the team that produced? (Encyclopedia) blood bank, site or mobile unit for collecting, processing, typing, and storing whole blood, blood plasma and other blood constituents. Most hospitals maintain their own blood reserves?