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state of emergency

(Encyclopedia) state of emergency, situation in which a government or a government body is empowered to act with enhanced powers in order to respond to a crisis. The enhanced or emergency powers, and…

Mau Mau

(Encyclopedia) Mau Mau mou´ mou, secret insurgent organization in Kenya, comprising mainly Kikuyu tribespeople. They were bound by oath to force the expulsion of white settlers from Kenya. In 1952…

Shekhar, Chandra

(Encyclopedia) Shekhar, Chandra (Chandra Shekhar Singh), 1927–2007, Indian political leader, prime minister of India (1990–91), b. Uttar Pradesh. Active in the Socialist party, he served in the upper…

Abiy Ahmed Ali

(Encyclopedia) Abiy Ahmed Ali, 1976–, Ethiopian political leader. Joining the Ethiopian army in 1993, he served in the intelligence service, the UN peacekeeping mission in Rwanda, and the border war…

Gyanendra

(Encyclopedia) Gyanendra gyänn´dr, 1947–, last king of Nepal (2001–8). Second son of King Mahendra (r. 1955–72) and brother of King Birendra (r. 1972–2001), Gyanendra was a businessman whose assets…

Gandhi, Indira

(Encyclopedia) Gandhi, Indira nd´r gän´d, 1917–84, Indian political leader; daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru. She served as an aide to her father, who was prime minister (1947–64), and as minister of…

Deve Gowda, H. D.

(Encyclopedia) Deve Gowda, H. D. (Haradanahalli Dodde Gowda Deve Gowda)härdänhä´l d´d d´v gou´d, 1933–, Indian political leader, prime minister of India (1996–97), b. Haradanahalli,…

Vajpayee, Atal Bihari

(Encyclopedia) Vajpayee, Atal Bihari ä´täl bihär´ väj´p, 1926–2018, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an…

orders in council

(Encyclopedia) orders in council, in British government, orders given by the sovereign on the advice of all or some of the members of the privy council, without the prior consent of Parliament.…