(Encyclopedia) Sikhism sĭk´ĭzəm, religion centered in the Indian state of Punjab, numbering worldwide some 19 million. Some 300,000 Sikhs live in Britain, and there are smaller communities in North… A major religion of India and the fifth-largest faith in the world, Sikhism emerged in the Punjab under the guidance of the guru Nanak (1469–1539?). This region had been influenced by the Hindu… (Encyclopedia) guru go͞o´ro͞o, go͝or´o͞o, in Hinduism and Buddhism, spiritual teacher. The guru gives initiation into spiritual practice and instructs disciples, often maintaining a close… (Encyclopedia) Sialkot syäl´kōt, city (1998 pop. 417,597), near the Indian border, Pakistan. It is a rail junction and a major trade and processing center. Manufactures include sporting goods,… (Encyclopedia) monotheism mŏn´əthēĭzəm [Gr.,=belief in one God], in religion, a belief in one personal god. In practice, monotheistic religion tends to stress the existence of one personal god that… (Encyclopedia) Amritsar əmrĭt´sər, city (1991 pop. 709,456), Punjab state, NW India. It is a district administrative center, as well as a trade and industrial city where carpets, fabrics of goat hair… (Encyclopedia) Aurangzeb ôr´əngzĕb˝ or Aurangzib–zĭb˝, 1618–1707, Mughal emperor of India (1658–1707), son and successor of Shah Jahan. He served (1636–44, 1653–58) as viceroy of the Deccan but was… (Encyclopedia) Punjab pŭn˝jäb´ [Pers.,=five rivers], historic region in the NW of the Indian subcontinent. Since 1947 it has been separated into an Indian state and a Pakistani province bearing the… (Encyclopedia) Hinduism hin´do͞oĭzəm, Western term for the religious beliefs and practices of the vast majority of the people of India. One of the oldest living religions in the world, Hinduism is… Jerusalem is a holy city for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, whose adherents comprise >50% of the world's population.See Major Holidays for listings of religious holidays.
The world's faithful…