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Sikhism

(Encyclopedia) Sikhism sĭk´ĭzəm, religion centered in the Indian state of Punjab, numbering worldwide some 19 million. Some 300,000 Sikhs live in Britain, and there are smaller communities in North…

Sikhism

A major religion of India and the fifth-largest faith in the world, Sikhism emerged in the Punjab under the guidance of the guru Nanak (1469–1539?). This region had been influenced by the Hindu…

guru

(Encyclopedia) guru go͞o´ro͞o, go͝or´o͞o, in Hinduism and Buddhism, spiritual teacher. The guru gives initiation into spiritual practice and instructs disciples, often maintaining a close…

Sialkot

(Encyclopedia) Sialkot syäl´kōt, city (1998 pop. 417,597), near the Indian border, Pakistan. It is a rail junction and a major trade and processing center. Manufactures include sporting goods,…

monotheism

(Encyclopedia) monotheism mŏn´əthēĭzəm [Gr.,=belief in one God], in religion, a belief in one personal god. In practice, monotheistic religion tends to stress the existence of one personal god that…

Amritsar

(Encyclopedia) Amritsar əmrĭt´sər, city (1991 pop. 709,456), Punjab state, NW India. It is a district administrative center, as well as a trade and industrial city where carpets, fabrics of goat hair…

Aurangzeb

(Encyclopedia) Aurangzeb ôr´əngzĕb˝ or Aurangzib–zĭb˝, 1618–1707, Mughal emperor of India (1658–1707), son and successor of Shah Jahan. He served (1636–44, 1653–58) as viceroy of the Deccan but was…

Punjab

(Encyclopedia) Punjab pŭn˝jäb´ [Pers.,=five rivers], historic region in the NW of the Indian subcontinent. Since 1947 it has been separated into an Indian state and a Pakistani province bearing the…

Hinduism

(Encyclopedia) Hinduism hin´do͞oĭzəm, Western term for the religious beliefs and practices of the vast majority of the people of India. One of the oldest living religions in the world, Hinduism is…

Major Religions of the World

Jerusalem is a holy city for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, whose adherents comprise >50% of the world's population.See Major Holidays for listings of religious holidays. The world's faithful…