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Shatsky, Stanislaus

(Encyclopedia) Shatsky, Stanislaus, 1878–1934, Russian educator. After graduating from Moscow Univ. and attending the Moscow Agricultural Institute, Shatsky organized (1905) a colony for workers…

Padilla, Ezequiel

(Encyclopedia) Padilla, Ezequiel skyl´p ä´yä, 1890–1971, Mexican political leader. A revolutionary under Pancho Villa, he studied law in New York City. He served as secretary of public education…

coeducation

(Encyclopedia) coeducation, instruction of both sexes in the same institution. The economic benefits gained from joint classes and the need to secure equality for women in industrial, professional,…

Brameld, Theodore

(Encyclopedia) Brameld, Theodore brm´ld, 1904–87, American educator, b. Neillsville, Wis., grad. Ripon College, 1926; Ph.D. Univ. of Chicago, 1931. Brameld was best known for his theory of…

Mattarella, Sergio

(Encyclopedia) Mattarella, Sergio, 1941–, Italian political leader. Born into a prominent Sicilian family, he studied law at the Sapienza Univ. of Rome and taught constitutional law at the Univ. of…

Woman's Christian Temperance Union

(Encyclopedia) Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), organization that seeks to upgrade moral life, especially through abstinence from alcohol. The National WCTU of the United States was…

Cubberley, Ellwood Patterson

(Encyclopedia) Cubberley, Ellwood Patterson, 1868–1941, American educator, b. Andrews, Ind., grad. Univ. of Indiana, 1891, Ph.D. Columbia, 1905. He was a pioneer writer in the history of American…

Gentile, Giovanni

(Encyclopedia) Gentile, Giovanni jvän´n jnt´l, 1875–1944, Italian philosopher and educator. He taught philosophy in several Italian universities and for many years contributed to the magazine of…

Black English

(Encyclopedia) Black English, distinctive dialect spoken at times by as many as 80% to 90% of African Americans; also called ebonics [from ebony and phonics]. Long considered merely substandard…

Lamar, Mirabeau Buonaparte

(Encyclopedia) Lamar, Mirabeau Buonaparte mr´b b´npärt, 1798–1859, president of the Texas republic (1838–41), b. Warren co., Ga. He went to Texas (1835), joined the revolutionaries, and took…