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Plymouth Colony

(Encyclopedia) Plymouth Colony, settlement made by the Pilgrims on the coast of Massachusetts in 1620. Founding Previous attempts at colonization in America (1606, 1607–8) by the Plymouth Company,…

Allerton, Isaac

(Encyclopedia) Allerton, Isaac ăl´ərtən, c.1586–1659, Pilgrim settler in Plymouth Colony. Possibly a London tailor, he was a merchant in Leiden before going to America on the Mayflower. From 1626 to…

Winslow, Josiah

(Encyclopedia) Winslow, Josiah, c.1629–1680, American governor of Plymouth Colony, b. Plymouth, Mass.; son of Edward Winslow. Educated at Harvard, he was an assistant of the Plymouth Colony (1657–73…

Alden, John

(Encyclopedia) Alden, John, c.1599–1687, Puritan settler in Plymouth Colony. He came to America on the Mayflower and was prominent as assistant to the governor of the colony. He moved (c.1627) to…

Mayflower Compact

(Encyclopedia) Mayflower Compact, in U.S. colonial history, an agreement providing for the temporary government of Plymouth Colony. The compact was signed (1620) on board the Mayflower by the adult…

Bradford, William

(Encyclopedia) Bradford, William, 1590–1657, governor of Plymouth Colony, b. Austerfield, Yorkshire, England. As a young man he joined the separatist congregation at Scrooby and in 1609 emigrated…

Carver, John

(Encyclopedia) Carver, John, c.1576–1621, first governor of Plymouth Colony. A wealthy London merchant, in 1609 he emigrated to Holland, where he soon joined the Pilgrims at Leiden. His excellent…

Prence, Thomas

(Encyclopedia) Prence or Prince, Thomas, 1600–1673, American colonial governor, b. England. His Puritan family joined the Pilgrim community in Leiden in Thomas's youth. In 1621 he went to…

Winslow, Edward

(Encyclopedia) Winslow, Edward, 1595–1655, one of the founders of Plymouth Colony in New England, b. England. One of the leaders of the Pilgrims who traveled to America on the Mayflower in 1620,…

Plymouth

(Encyclopedia) Plymouth. 1 Uninc. town (1990 pop. 45,608), seat of Plymouth co., SE Mass., on Plymouth Bay; founded 1620. Diverse light manufacturing is important to the economy. The town, with…