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pinnacle

(Encyclopedia) pinnacle pn´kl, minor architectural motif of vertical tapering shape, usually crowning a pier, buttress, or gable. Although sometimes it appears in Renaissance design, as in the…

Hoy

(Encyclopedia) Hoy, island, 13 mi (21 km) long and 6 mi (9.7 km) wide, off N Scotland, second largest of the Orkney Islands. It is located at the southwestern side of the Scapa Flow anchorage. Ward…

Taipei 101

(Encyclopedia) Taipei 101, skyscraper in the Hsinyi dist., Taipei, Taiwan; also known as the Taipei Financial Center. With 101 floors and reaching 1,667 ft (508 m) high, Taipei 101 became the world…

Senkaku Islands

(Encyclopedia) Senkaku Islands sn´käkoo, small, uninhabited island group, 8 sq mi (20.7 sq km), Okinawa prefecture, extreme SW Japan, in the East China Sea. Located 90 mi (45 km) NNW of Ishigaki in…

Guarini, Guarino

(Encyclopedia) Guarini, Guarino gwär´n gwär´n, 1624–83, Italian architect, mathematician, and writer. He was one of the first to analyze with perceptivity the structure of medieval architecture,…

Bjørnson, Bjørnstjerne

(Encyclopedia) Bjørnson, Bjørnstjerne byörn´styrn byörn´sn, 1832–1910, Norwegian writer and political leader, one of the major figures of Norwegian literature. He was an influential journalist,…

Petronas Towers

(Encyclopedia) Petronas Towers, twin skyscrapers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, that are the world's tallest twin towers. Standing 1,483 ft (452 m) high, they were designed by the Argentinian-…

Booth, Edwin

(Encyclopedia) Booth, Edwin, 1833–93, one of the first great American actors and the most famous of his era, b. Tudor Hall, near Bel Air, Md. After years of touring with his father, Junius Brutus…

Armstrong, Lance

(Encyclopedia) Armstrong, Lance, 1971–, American cyclist, b. Dallas, Tex. He won (1991) the U.S. amateur cycling championship, turned professional (1992), and by the mid-1990s had won the Tour DuPont…