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New Amsterdam

(Encyclopedia) New Amsterdam, Dutch settlement at the mouth of the Hudson River and on the southern end of Manhattan island; est. 1624. It was the capital of the colony of New Netherland from 1626 to…

Van Twiller, Wouter

(Encyclopedia) Van Twiller, Wouter, fl. 1632–1640, Dutch director-general of New Netherland. A nephew of Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, he was appointed to succeed Peter Minuit and arrived in New Amsterdam…

antipodes

(Encyclopedia) antipodes [Gr.,=having feet opposite], people or places diametrically opposite on the globe. Thus antipodes must be separated by half the circumference of the earth (180°), and one…

Kieft, Willem

(Encyclopedia) Kieft, Willem vĭl´əm kēft, 1597–1647, Dutch director-general of New Netherland. Arriving in New Amsterdam in 1638 to succeed Wouter Van Twiller, Kieft immediately assumed absolute…

Philipse, Frederick

(Encyclopedia) Philipse, Frederick fĭl´ĭps, 1626–1702, merchant and landowner in colonial America, b. Holland. He went (1647) with his family to New Amsterdam, where he became wealthy as a merchant.…

Van Cortlandt, Jacobus

(Encyclopedia) Van Cortlandt, Jacobus jəkō´bəs văn kôrt´lənd, 1658–1739, colonial American merchant, b. New Amsterdam (later New York City); brother of Stephen Van Cortlandt. He served (1710 and 1719…

Allerton, Isaac

(Encyclopedia) Allerton, Isaac ăl´ərtən, c.1586–1659, Pilgrim settler in Plymouth Colony. Possibly a London tailor, he was a merchant in Leiden before going to America on the Mayflower. From 1626 to…

Minuit, Peter

(Encyclopedia) Minuit, Peter mĭn´yo͞oĭt, c.1580–1638, first director-general of New Netherland, b. Wesel (then the duchy of Cleves). Sent by the Dutch West India Company to take charge of its…

Stuyvesant, Peter

(Encyclopedia) Stuyvesant, Peter stī´vəsənt, c.1610–1672, Dutch director-general of New Netherland. He served as governor of Curaçao and lost a leg in an expedition against St. Martin before…

Bowery, the

(Encyclopedia) Bowery, the bou´ərē, –´rē [Dutch Bouwerie=farm], section of lower Manhattan, New York City. The Bowery, the street that gives the area its name, was once a road to the farm of New…