(Encyclopedia) modern architecture, new architectural style that emerged in many Western countries in the decade after World War I. It was based on the rational use of modern materials, the? (Encyclopedia) Crystal Palace, building designed by Sir Joseph Paxton and erected in Hyde Park, London, for the Great Exhibition in 1851. In 1854 it was removed to Sydenham, where, until its damage? (Encyclopedia) Hitchcock, Henry-Russell, 1903?87, American architectural historian, b. Boston. Educated at Harvard, Hitchcock taught at Smith College and New York Univ. His writings, which helped to? (Encyclopedia) Giedion, Sigfried z?khfr?d g?d?n, 1883?1968, Swiss historian of architecture. Giedion was a student of Heinrich Wlfflin and close associate of Walter Gropius. He was a key figure? (Encyclopedia) Behrens, Peter p?t?r b?r?ns, 1868?1940, German architect, influential in Europe in the evolution of the modern architectural style. He established before World War I a predominantly? (Encyclopedia) Loos, Adolf dlf l?s, 1870?1933, Austrian architect. His rationalist design theories were strongly influenced by his stay in the United States from 1893 to 1896, where he admired? (Encyclopedia) Neutra, Richard Joseph noitr?, no?otr?, 1892?1970, American architect, born and educated in Vienna. Although Neutra worked for a time with Eric Mendelsohn and later with Frank Lloyd? (Encyclopedia) Semper, Gottfried gtfr?t z?mp?r, 1803?79, German architect. Semper was among the most influential architects of the 19th cent. In his book Der Stil in den technischen und? (Encyclopedia) Scully, Vincent Joseph, Jr., 1920?2018, American architectural historian, b. New Haven, Conn., grad. Yale (B.A., 1940; Ph.D., 1949). As a professor of art history at Yale (1947?91,? (Encyclopedia) Sullivan, Louis Henry, 1856?1924, American architect, b. Boston, studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the cole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. He is of great importance in?