Search

Search results

Displaying 1 - 10

scutage

(Encyclopedia) scutage skyoo´tj, feudal payment, usually in cash, given in lieu of actual military service due from a vassal to an overlord. It applied especially to the vassals of the king.…

primogeniture

(Encyclopedia) primogeniture, in law, the rule of inheritance whereby land descends to the oldest son. Under the feudal system of medieval Europe, primogeniture generally governed the inheritance of…

Kent, Edward Augustus, duke of

(Encyclopedia) Kent, Edward Augustus, duke of, 1767–1820, fourth son of George III of Great Britain and father of Queen Victoria. Most of his mature life was spent in military service at Gibraltar,…

censor

(Encyclopedia) censor sn´sr, title of two magistrates of ancient Rome (from c.443 &BC; to the time of Domitian). They took the census (by which they assessed taxation, voting, and military…

Wall, Richard

(Encyclopedia) Wall, Richard, 1694–1778, Spanish statesman. Born in France of Irish parents, Wall entered the Spanish military service as a young man and later held important diplomatic posts. He…

Feodor III

(Encyclopedia) Feodor III, 1661–82, czar of Russia (1676–82), son and successor of Alexis. Although an invalid, Feodor strove to carry out reforms. In 1681 he abolished the system of precedence among…

Mackensen, August von

(Encyclopedia) Mackensen, August von ou´goost fn mä´knzn, 1849–1945, German field marshal. In World War I he defeated the Russians in the battle of the Masurian Lakes (1914–15), conducted…

Freycinet, Charles de

(Encyclopedia) Freycinet, Charles de shärl d frsn´, 1828–1923, French statesman. A mining engineer, he helped Léon Gambetta organize resistance to the Germans during the Franco-Prussian War (1870…

Decapolis

(Encyclopedia) Decapolis dkp´ls [Gr.,=ten cities], confederacy of 10 ancient cities, all E of the Jordan, except Scythopolis. The others were (according to Pliny) Dion, Pella, Gadara, Hippos,…

Pinza, Ezio

(Encyclopedia) Pinza, Ezio ts´y pn´tsä, 1892–1957, Italian bass, b. Rome, studied at the Bologna Conservatory. After military service (1915–19), he resumed his operatic career in Rome, later…