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Manhattan

(Encyclopedia) Manhattan mnht´n, indigenous people of North America of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). They were a small tribe of the Wappinger…

Manhattan

(Encyclopedia) Manhattan, borough (1990 pop. 1,487,536), 28 sq mi (57 sq km), New York City, SE N.Y., coextensive with New York co. Manhattan is the cultural and commercial heart of the city, and its…

New Amsterdam

(Encyclopedia) New Amsterdam, Dutch settlement at the mouth of the Hudson River and on the southern end of Manhattan island; est. 1624. It was the capital of the colony of New Netherland from 1626 to…

Spuyten Duyvil Creek

(Encyclopedia) Spuyten Duyvil Creek sp´tn d´vl, tidal channel, now a ship canal, c.1 mi (1.6 km) long, SE N.Y., in New York City. It separates the northern tip of Manhattan island from the…

Fort Washington

(Encyclopedia) Fort Washington, military post during the American Revolution, situated on the highest point of Manhattan island, New York City, overlooking the Hudson River opposite Fort Lee, N.J. It…

East River

(Encyclopedia) East River, tidal strait, 16 mi (26 km) long and 600–4,000 ft (183–1,219 m) wide, connecting Upper New York Bay and Long Island Sound, New York City, and separating the boroughs of…

Ellis Island

(Encyclopedia) Ellis Island, island, c.27 acres (10.9 hectares), in Upper New York Bay, SW of Manhattan island. Government-controlled since 1808, it was long the site of an arsenal and a fort, but…

New Netherland

(Encyclopedia) New Netherland, territory included in a commercial grant by the government of Holland to the Dutch West India Company in 1621. Colonists were settled along the Hudson River region; in…

Battery, the

(Encyclopedia) Battery, the, park, 21 acres (8.5 hectares), southern tip of Manhattan island, New York City; site of former Dutch and English fortifications. Castle Clinton, a fort built in 1808 for…

Governors Island

(Encyclopedia) Governors Island, 173 acres (70 hectares), in Upper New York Bay, S of Manhattan island, SE N.Y. Bought from the Native Americans by the Dutch in 1637, it was the site of an early New…