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Great Depression

(Encyclopedia) Great Depression, in U.S. history, the severe economic crisis generally considered to have been precipitated by the U.S. stock-market crash of 1929. Although it shared the basic?

Johnson, Sargent

(Encyclopedia) Johnson, Sargent, 1888?1967, American sculptor, b. Boston. He moved to N California at age 18 and studied stulpture there. A member of California's New Negro Movement, Johnson was?

Evans, Walker

(Encyclopedia) Evans, Walker, 1903?75, American photographer, b. St. Louis. Evans began his photographic career in 1928. His studies of Victorian architecture and his photographs of the rural South?

Selfridge, Harry Gordon

(Encyclopedia) Selfridge, Harry Gordon, 1858?1947, American-British retail merchant, b. Ripon, Wis. He moved to Chicago in 1876, where he started a successful 25-year career at Marshall Field &?

Keats, Ezra Jack

(Encyclopedia) Keats, Ezra Jack, 1916?83, American author and illustrator of children's books, b. Brooklyn, N.Y., as Jacob Ezra Katz. During the Great Depression, he painted murals for the Works?


(Encyclopedia) panic, crisis in financial and economic conditions, marked by public loss of confidence in the financial structure. Panics are characterized by a general rush of investors to convert?

San Francisco Bay

(Encyclopedia) San Francisco Bay, 50 mi (80 km) long and from 3 to 13 mi (4.8?21 km) wide, W Calif.; entered through the Golden Gate, a strait between two peninsulas. The bay is as deep as 100 ft (30?

Bernanke, Ben Shalom

(Encyclopedia) Bernanke, Ben Shalom b?rn?ngk?, 1953?, U.S. economist and government official, b. Augusta, Ga.; grad. Harvard (B.A., 1975), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Ph.D., 1979). He was?


(Encyclopedia) Tarim d?r?m, Mandarin Dayan, chief river of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China, c.1,300 mi (2,090 km) long, formed by the union of the Aksu and the Yarkant rivers at the?

Temple, Shirley

(Encyclopedia) Temple, Shirley, 1928?2014, American child film star, b. Santa Monica, Calif., as Shirley Jane Temple. She started in movies at three-and-a-half and starred in her first feature (Stand?