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Great Depression

(Encyclopedia) Great Depression, in U.S. history, the severe economic crisis generally considered to have been precipitated by the U.S. stock-market crash of 1929. Although it shared the basic…

Johnson, Sargent

(Encyclopedia) Johnson, Sargent, 1888–1967, American sculptor, b. Boston. He moved to N California at age 18 and studied stulpture there. A member of California's New Negro Movement, Johnson was…

Evans, Walker

(Encyclopedia) Evans, Walker, 1903–75, American photographer, b. St. Louis. Evans began his photographic career in 1928. His studies of Victorian architecture and his photographs of the rural South…

Keats, Ezra Jack

(Encyclopedia) Keats, Ezra Jack, 1916–83, American author and illustrator of children's books, b. Brooklyn, N.Y., as Jacob Ezra Katz. During the Great Depression, he painted murals for the Works…

Selfridge, Harry Gordon

(Encyclopedia) Selfridge, Harry Gordon, 1858–1947, American-British retail merchant, b. Ripon, Wis. He moved to Chicago in 1876, where he started a successful 25-year career at Marshall Field &…

Catlett, Elizabeth

(Encyclopedia) Catlett, Elizabeth, 1915–2012, American-Mexican sculptor, painter, and printmaker, considered one of the foremost African-American artists of her era, b. Washington, D.C., grad. Howard…

Tworkov, Jack

(Encyclopedia) Tworkov, Jack, 1900–82, American painter, b. Bela, Russia (now Biaa, Poland). His family immigrated to the United States in 1913 and settled in New York. He studied at Columbia (B.A…

panic

(Encyclopedia) panic, crisis in financial and economic conditions, marked by public loss of confidence in the financial structure. Panics are characterized by a general rush of investors to convert…

Coughlin, Charles Edward

(Encyclopedia) Coughlin, Charles Edward kg´ln, 1891–1979, Roman Catholic priest in the United States, b. Ontario, Canada, grad. Univ. of Toronto, 1916. After study at St. Michael's College,…

Hobo Convention

Tired of the sedentary life? Hitch a train to Iowa by Elissa Haney Third boxcar, midnight train; destination Bangor, Maine. Old worn out suits and shoes, I don't pay no Union dues... I'm a…