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Meaning of vest

vest

Pronunciation: (vest), [key]
— n.
  1. a close-fitting, waist-length, sleeveless garment that buttons down the front, designed to be worn under a jacket.
  2. a part or trimming simulating the front of such a garment; vestee. Cf. (def. 1).
  3. a waist-length garment worn for protective purposes: a bulletproof vest.
  4. a sleeveless, waist- or hip-length garment made of various materials, with a front opening usually secured by buttons, a zipper, or the like, worn over a shirt, blouse, dress, or other article for style or warmth: a sweater vest; a down vest.
  5. an undervest or undershirt.
  6. a long garment resembling a cassock, worn by men in the time of Charles II.
    1. dress; apparel.
    2. an outer garment, robe, or gown.
    3. an ecclesiastical vestment.
  7. to avoid taking unnecessary risks.
—v.t.
  1. to clothe; dress; robe.
  2. to dress in ecclesiastical vestments: to vest a bishop.
  3. to cover or drape (an altar).
  4. to place or settle (something, esp. property, rights, powers, etc.) in the possession or control of someone (usually fol. by in): to vest authority in a new official.
  5. to invest or endow (a person, group, committee, etc.) with something, as powers, functions, or rights: to vest the board with power to increase production; to vest an employee with full benefits in the pension plan.
—v.i.
  1. to put on vestments.
  2. to become vested in a person, as a right.
  3. to devolve upon a person as possessor; pass into possession or ownership.
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.
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