Arizona Map: Regions, Geography, Facts & Figures

When you look at the map of Arizona, you can see that it is a U.S. state located in the southwestern region of the country. The state is known for its diverse geography, which includes the Grand Canyon, deserts, and forests. It is the sixth-largest state in the country, with Phoenix as its capital and largest city. Arizona is also known as the "Grand Canyon State."

If you want to discover more in-depth information on Ecuador as a country, check out our Arizona State Profile!

Plus, test your country knowledge with our world geography quiz on Which State Came First?

Arizona Facts: History

Arizona was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Navajo and Apache. In 1848, the land was ceded to the United States by Mexico, and it became the 48th state to join the Union in 1912. The state has a rich history of mining, cattle ranching, and military operations, including the establishment of several military bases during World War II.

After the war, Arizona's population grew rapidly with migration from other parts of the country, largely due to its warm climate and abundance of jobs, with the state’s GDP primarily mainly based on services, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and tourism.

Arizona Facts: Geography

According to the Arizona state map, it is bordered by Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, and California. The state covers an area of 113,990 square miles. The Colorado River runs through the state, and Lake Havasu City is a popular destination for water activities. The state is also home to several national parks and monuments, including the Grand Canyon National Park, which attracts millions of visitors every year. Other notable destinations include the Petrified Forest, Monument Valley, and Saguaro National Park.

The state has a diverse topography, ranging from high mountains and plateaus to deep canyons and sprawling deserts. It has an arid climate, with hot summers and mild winters. The state's highest point is Humphreys Peak, which stands at 12,633 feet.

Major Cities in Arizona

The state of Arizona has several major cities that are full of enjoyable experiences for visitors. Some principal Arizona cities include Phoenix; Tucson; Mesa; Chandler; Glendale; Scottsdale; Tempe; Yuma; Bisbee; Kingman; and San Luis, among others.

Arizona Facts: Tourist Attractions

Each Arizona county map is home to several tourist attractions, including some of our favorites:

  • Grand Canyon National Park: One of the most famous natural wonders in the world, the Grand Canyon is a breathtaking sight that attracts millions of visitors every year. Visitors can hike, ride mules, or take helicopter tours to explore the canyon.
  • Sedona: A desert town known for its red rock formations, spiritual energy, and art galleries.
  • Flagstaff: A mountain town known for its outdoor activities, including skiing, hiking, and camping.
  • Lake Havasu City: A popular destination for water activities, including boating, fishing, and swimming.
  • Tombstone: A historic town known for its wild west history and reenactments of gunfights.
  • Casa Grande: A city known for its historic ruins, including the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument.
  • Winslow: A small town known for its historic downtown, Route 66 memorabilia, and the "Standing on the Corner" statue.
  • Bullhead City: A city located on the banks of the Colorado River, known for its water activities and outdoor recreation.
  • Oro Valley: A suburban town in the Tucson metropolitan area, known for its golf courses and outdoor activities.
  • Sonora: A state in northwestern Mexico that shares a border with Arizona. The state is known for its rugged terrain, deserts, and beaches. It is also home to several historic sites, including the city of Alamos, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Sonoran Desert, Arizona
Image Source: Getty Images

People Also Ask...

If you're inspecting the Arizona state map, you may have some queries about the region. Here are some of the most frequently asked questions, along with their answers.

What Is Arizona Known For?

Arizona is known for the Grand Canyon, deserts, and forests. The state is also known for its rich history, including its mining and cattle ranching heritage.

The capital of Arizona is Phoenix. It is the largest city in the state and is famed for its vibrant culture, diverse cuisine, and outdoor activities.

What Are the Major Cities in Arizona?

Some of the major cities in Arizona are Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Chandler, Glendale, Scottsdale, Tempe, Payson, Sierra Vista, Nogales, Preston, and Camp Verde.

Is the Grand Canyon in Arizona or Nevada?

The Grand Canyon is located in Arizona, not Nevada. It is one of the state's most famous tourist attractions and attracts millions of visitors every year. The canyon is a breathtaking sight and offers a variety of activities, including hiking, mule rides, and helicopter tours.

What National Parks Are in Arizona?

Arizona is home to several national parks, including Grand Canyon National Park, Saguaro National Park, and Petrified Forest National Park. Each park offers unique experiences and attractions for visitors to explore.