Top News Stories from 1946
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Emily G. Balch and John R. Mott (US)More World Statistics...
- First meeting of United Nations General Assembly opens in London (Jan. 10).
- League of Nations dissolved (April).
- Italy abolishes monarchy (June).
- The Philippines gains independence from the United States (July 4).
- 12 Nazi leaders (including 1 tried in absentia) are sentenced to hang, 7 imprisoned, and 3 acquitted in the Nuremberg trials (Oct. 1). Background: Defining Genocide
- Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech warns of Soviet expansion. Background: The Cold War
- Juan Perón becomes president of Argentina.
President: Harry S Truman
Vice President: none
Life expectancy: 66.7 years
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 6.4More U.S. Statistics...
- US Atomic Energy Commission is established.
- Benjamin Spock's childcare classic published.
- Worst work stoppages since 1919, with coal, electrical, and steel industries hit hardest.
- First automatic electronic digital computer, ENIAC, dedicated at the University of Pennsylvania.
US GDP (1998 dollars): $222.6 billion
Federal spending: $55.23 billion
Federal debt $271.0 billion
Consumer Price Index: $19.5
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
World SeriesSt. Louis Cardinals d. Boston Red Sox (4-3)
Stanley CupMontreal d. Boston
WimbledonWomen: Pauline Betz d. L. Brough (6-2 6-4)
Men: Yvon Petra d. G. Brown (6-2 6-4 7-9 5-7 6-4)
Kentucky Derby ChampionAssault
NCAA Basketball ChampionshipOklahoma A&M d. North Carolina
NCAA Football ChampionsNotre Dame (8-0-1)
World CupNot Held
Entertainment AwardsPulitzer Prizes
Music: The Canticle of the Sun, Leo Sowerby
Drama: State of the Union, Russel Crouse and Howard LindsayOscars awarded in 1946
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Lost Weekend (Paramount)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Hermann Hesse (Switzerland)
Miss America: Marilyn Buferd (CA)More Entertainment Awards...
- The Cannes Film Festival debuts in France.
- The Best Years of Our Lives debuts, and is immediately recognized as a classic post-War film that accuratelyand poignantlyportrays the readjustment families face when loved ones return from battle. The film won Oscars for Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Supporting Actor.
- Faraway Hill, what many television historians consider to be the first network soap opera, debuts on the DuMont network.
- George Balanchine and Lincoln Kirstein establish the New York City Ballet. It makes its home at Lincoln Center in 1964.
- Roberto Rossellini's Neorealist ode to the Italian Resistance, Rome, Open City, presents an alternative to Hollywood with its use of street cinematography, lyrically capturing the despair and confusion of post-World War II Europe.
- It's a Wonderful Life, The Best Years of Our Lives, The Razor's Edge
- Carmen Cavallaro, "Dancing in the Dark"
- "Chiquita Banana"
- Coleman Hawkins, "Say It Isn't So"
- Frank Sinatra, "The Voice of Frank Sinatra"
- "There's No Business Like Show Business"
- Elizabeth Bishop, North and South
- Albert Camus, The Stranger
- Robert Lowell, Lord Weary's Castle
- Carson McCullers, The Member of the Wedding
- Benjamin Spock, The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care
- Robert Penn Warren, All the King's Men
- Evelyn Waugh, Brideshead Revisited
- Eudora Welty, Delta Wedding
- William Carlos Williams, Paterson, Part One
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: James B. Sumner (US), for crystallizing enzymes; John H. Northrop and Wendell M. Stanley (both US), for preparing enzymes and virus proteins in pure form
Physics: Percy Williams Bridgman (US), for studies and inventions in high-pressure physics
Physiology or Medicine: Herman J. Muller (US), for hereditary effects of X-rays on genesMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...
- US Atomic Energy Commission is formed (Aug. 1). Background: nuclear energy
- Vincent du Vigneaud (US) synthesizes penicillin.
- The US Army makes radar contact with the moon for the first time. Background: Astronomy