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Rulers of England and Great Britain

Updated May 25, 2021 | Logan Chamberlain

"I know the Kings of England and I quote the fights historical"

The Kingdom of England has existed in many forms since the early Middle Ages, and early on there were many kingdoms in what is now England. Traditionally, England considers itself the successor state of the Kingdom of Wessex, a Saxon kingdom in southern Britain; for that reason, we've begun our list with the first kings of Wessex. By that logic, the first king of England is the Saxon ruler Egbert, although most would probably argue that the current Kingdom of England was created on Christmas Day in 1066, when William the Conqueror was crowned the King of England.

Here is the full list from Egbert on, broken down by royal house. Find the name, birth date, and the number of years each monarch ruled England and Great Britain.

NameBornRuled1
SAXONS2
Egbert3c. 775802?839
Ethelwulf ?839?858
Ethelbald?858?860
Ethelbert ?860?865
Ethelred I ?865?871
Alfred the Great 849871?899
Edward the Elderc. 870899?924
Athelstan895924?939
Edmund I the Deed-doer 921939?946
Edred c. 925946?955
Edwy the Fairc. 943955?959
Edgar the Peaceful943959?975
Edward the Martyr c. 962975?978
Ethelred II the Unready 968978?1016
Edmund II Ironside c. 9931016
DANES
Canute9951016?1035
Harold I Harefoot c.10161035?1040
Hardecanutec.10181040?1042
SAXONS
Edward the Confessor c.10041042?1066
Harold IIc.10201066
HOUSE OF NORMANDY
William I the Conqueror 10271066?1087
William II Rufus c.10561087?1100
Henry I Beauclerc 10681100?1135
Stephen of Boulognec.11001135?1154
HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET
Henry II11331154?1189
Richard I Coeur de Lion 11571189?1199
John Lackland11671199?1216
Henry III12071216?1272
Edward I Longshanks12391272?1307
Edward II 12841307?1327
Edward III 13121327?1377
Richard II13671377?13994
HOUSE OF LANCASTER
Henry IV Bolingbroke13671399?1413
Henry V13871413?1422
Henry VI14211422?14615
HOUSE OF YORK
Edward IV 14421461?14835
Edward V14701483?1483
Richard III 14521483?1485
HOUSE OF TUDOR
Henry VII 14571485?1509
Henry VIII 14911509?1547
Edward VI 15371547?1553
Jane (Lady Jane Grey)615371553?1553
Mary I (?Bloody Mary?)15161553?1558
Elizabeth I 15331558?1603
HOUSE OF STUART
James I715661603?1625
Charles I 16001625?1649
COMMONWEALTH
Council of State?1649?1653
Oliver Cromwell815991653?1658
Richard Cromwell816261658?16599
RESTORATION OF HOUSE OF STUART
Charles II 16301660?1685
James II 16331685?168810
William III1116501689?1702
Mary II1116621689?1694
Anne 16651702?1714
HOUSE OF HANOVER
George I 16601714?1727
George II 16831727?1760
George III 17381760?1820
George IV 17621820?1830
William IV 17651830?1837
Victoria 18191837?1901
HOUSE OF SAXE-COBURG12
Edward VII 18411901?1910
HOUSE OF WINDSOR12
George V18651910?1936
Edward VIII 1894193613
George VI18951936?1952
Elizabeth II 19261952?
1. Year of end of rule is also that of death, unless otherwise indicated.
2. Dates for Saxon kings are still controversial.
3. Became king of West Saxons in 802; considered (from 828) first king of all England.
4. Died 1400.
5. Henry VI reigned again briefly 1470?1471.
6. Nominal queen for 9 days; not counted as queen by some authorities. She was beheaded in 1554.
7. Ruled in Scotland as James VI (1567?1625).
8. Lord Protector.
9. Died 1712.
10. Died 1701.
11. Joint rulers (1689?1694).
12. Name changed from Saxe-Coburg to Windsor in 1917.
13. Was known after his abdication as the Duke of Windsor, died 1972.

RulerUnited KingdomBritish Prime Ministers Since 1770