Tajikistan | Facts & Information

  • Tajikistan Profile
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Facts & Figures

  • President: Imomali Rakhmonov (1992)

    Prime Minister: Akil Akilov (1999)

    Land area: 55,251 sq mi (143,100 sq km); total area: 55,251 sq mi (143,100 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 8,051,512 (growth rate: 1.75%); birth rate: 24.99/1000; infant mortality rate: 35.03/1000; life expectancy: 67.06; density per sq mi: 125.8

    Capital and largest city (2014 est.): Dushanbe, 778,500

    Other large city (2014 est.): Khujand, 584,400 (metro area)

    Monetary unit: somoni

    Republic of Tajikistan

    National name: Jumhurii Tojikiston

    Current government officials

    Languages: Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business

    Ethnicity/race: Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000)

    Religions: Islam: Sunni 85%, Shiite 5%; other 10% (2003 est.)

    Literacy rate: 99.7% (2011 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $19.2 billion; per capita $2,300. Real growth rate: 7.4%. Inflation: 3.7%. Unemployment: 2.5% official rate; actual unemployment is higher. Arable land: 5.96%. Agriculture: cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats. Labor force: 2.209 million (2013); agriculture 46.5%, industry 10.7%, services 42.8% (2013 est.). Industries: aluminum, cement, vegetable oil. Natural resources: hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold. Exports: $1.163 billion (2013 est.): aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles. Imports: $4.121 billion (2013 est.): petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: Turkey, Switzerland, Russia, Kazakhstan, China, Ukraine, Lithuania, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan (2012).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 393,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 6.528 million (2012). Radio broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 4, shortwave 2 (2010). Radios: 1.291 million (1991). Television broadcast stations: 19 (2010). Televisions: 820,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 6,258 (2012). Internet users: 700,000 (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 680 km (2008). Highways: total: 27,767 km (2000). Ports and harbors: none. Airports: 24 (2013).

    International disputes: In 2006, China and Tajikistan pledged to commence demarcation of the revised boundary agreed to in the delimitation of 2002; talks continue with Uzbekistan to delimit border and remove minefields; disputes in Isfara Valley delay delimitation with Kyrgyzstan.

    Major sources and definitions

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