Fiji | Facts & Information

Infoplease has everything you need to know about Fiji. Check out our countryprofile, full of essential information about Fiji'sgeography, history,government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags.

Facts & Figures

  • President: Jioji Konrote (2015)

    Prime Minister: Frank Bainimarama (2007)

    Total area: 7,054 sq mi (18,270 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 903,207 (growth rate: .7%); birth rate: 1986/1000; infant mortality rate: 10.2/1000; life expectancy: 72.15

    Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Suva (on Viti Levu), 177,000

    Monetary unit: Fiji dollar

    Current government officials

    Languages: English (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani

    Ethnicity/race: iTaukei 56.8% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 37.5%, Rotuman 1.2%, other 4.5% (European, part European, other Pacific Islanders, Chinese)
    note: a 2010 law replaces 'Fijian' with 'iTuakei' when referring to the original and native settlers of Fiji (2007 est.)

    Religions: Protestant 45% (Methodist 34.6%, Assembly of God 5.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 3.9%, and Anglican 0.8%), Hindu 27.9%, other Christian 10.4%, Roman Catholic 9.1%, Muslim 6.3%, Sikh 0.3%, other 0.3%, none 0.8% (2007 est.)

    National Holiday: Independence Day, 2nd Monday of October

    Literacy rate: 93.7% (2003 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $4.45 billion; per capita $4,900. Real growth rate: 3%. Inflation: 3%. Unemployment: 7.6%. Arable land: 9.17%. Agriculture: sugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish. Labor force: 335,000; agriculture 70%, industry and services 30%. Industries: tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries. Natural resources: timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower. Exports: $1.026 billion (2013): sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil. Imports: $2.054 billion (2012): manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food, chemicals. Major trading partners: U.S., Australia, UK, Samoa, Japan, China, Tonga, New Zealand, Singapore.

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 88,400 (2012); mobile cellular: 858,800. Broadcast media: Fiji TV, a publicly traded company, operates a free-to-air channel as well as Sky Fiji and Sky Pacific multi-channel pay-TV services; state-owned commercial company, Fiji Broadcasting Corporation, Ltd, operates 6 radio stations - 2 public broadcasters and 4 commercial broadcasters with multiple repeaters; 5 radio stations with repeaters operated by Communications Fiji, Ltd; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are available (2009). Internet hosts: 21,739 (2012). Internet users: 114,200 (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 597 km; note: belongs to the government-owned Fiji Sugar (2008). Highways: total: 3,440 km; paved: 1,692 km; unpaved: 1,748 km (2011 est.). Waterways: 203 km; 122 km navigable by motorized craft and 200-metric-ton barges (2012). Ports and harbors: Lambasa, Lautoka, Suva. Airports: 28 (2013).

    International disputes: none.

    Major sources and definitions

See also: