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Cambodia

Facts & Figures

Map of Cambodia
  • King: Norodom Sihamoni (2004)

    Prime Minister: Hun Sen (1998)

    Land area: 68,154 sq mi (176,519 sq km); total area: 69,900 sq mi (181,040 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 15,458,332 (growth rate: 1.63%); birth rate: 24.4/1000; infant mortality rate: 51.36/1000; life expectancy: 63.78

    Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Phnom Penh, 1.55 million

    Monetary unit: Riel

    National Name: Preahreacheanacha Kampuchea

    Languages: Khmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7% (2008 est.)

    Ethnicity/race: Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%

    National Holiday: Independence Day, November 9

    Religions: Buddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8% (2008 est.)

    Literacy rate: 73.6% (2011 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $39.64 billion; per capita $2,600. Real growth rate: 7%. Inflation: 3.2%. Unemployment: 0% (2011 est.). Arable land: 22.09%. Agriculture: rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, tapioca. Labor force: 7.9 million (2012 est.); agriculture: 55.8%; industry: 16.9%; services: 27.3% (2010 est.). Industries: tourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles. Natural resources: oil and gas, timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential. Exports: $6.781 billion (2013 est.): clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear. Imports: $8.895 billion (2013 est.): petroleum products, cigarettes, gold, construction materials, machinery, motor vehicles, pharmaceutical products. Major trading partners: U.S., Germany, UK, Vietnam, Canada, Thailand, Hong Kong, China, Singapore (2012).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 584,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 19.1 million (2012). Broadcast media:mixture of state-owned, joint public-private, and privately owned broadcast media; 9 TV broadcast stations with most operating on multiple channels, including 1 state-operated station broadcasting from multiple locations, 6 stations either jointly operated or privately owned with some broadcasting from several locations, and 2 TV relay stations - one relaying a French TV station and the other relaying a Vietnamese TV station; multi-channel cable and satellite systems are available; roughly 50 radio broadcast stations - 1 state-owned broadcaster with multiple stations and a large mixture of public and private broadcasters; several international broadcasters are available (2009). Internet hosts: 13,784 (2012). Internet users: 78,500 (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 690 km (2010). Highways: total: 39,618 km; (2011). Waterways: 3,700 km (mainly on Mekong River) (2004). Ports and harbors: Phnom Penh. Airports: 16 (2013 est.).

    International disputes: Cambodia is concerned about Laos' extensive upstream dam construction; Cambodia and Thailand dispute sections of boundary; in 2011 Thailand and Cambodia resorted to arms in the dispute over the location of the boundary on the precipice surmounted by Preah Vihear Temple ruins, awarded to Cambodia by ICJ decision in 1962 and part of a UN World Heritage site; Cambodia accuses Vietnam of a wide variety of illicit cross-border activities; progress on a joint development area with Vietnam is hampered by an unresolved dispute over sovereignty of offshore islands.

    Major sources and definitions

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