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Bulgaria

Facts & Figures

Map of Bulgaria
  • Republic of Bulgaria

    President: Rosen Plevneliev (2012)

    Prime Minister: Boyko Borisov (2014)

    Land area: 42,683 sq mi (110,549 sq km); total area: 42,823 sq mi (110,910 sq km )

    Population (2014 est.): 6,924,716 (growth rate: –0.83%); birth rate: 8.92/1000; infant mortality rate: 15.08/1000; life expectancy: 74.33

    Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Sofia, 1.174 million

    Monetary unit: Lev

    Languages: Bulgarian (official) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Roma 3.8%, other 0.7%, unspecified 10.5% (2011 est.)

    Ethnicity/race: Bulgarian 76.9%, Turkish 8%, Roma 4.4%, other 0.7% (including Russian, Armenian, and Vlach), other (unknown) 10% (2011 est.)

    National Holiday: Liberation Day, March 3

    Religions: Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim 7.8%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Jewish) 1.7%, none 3.7%, unspecified 27.4% (2011 est.)

    Literacy rate: 98.4% (2011 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP $104.6 billion (2013 est.); per capita $14,400. Real growth rate: 0.5%. Inflation: 1.5%. Unemployment: 11.6%. Arable land: 29.28%. Agriculture: vegetables, fruits, tobacco, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets; livestock. Labor force: 2.551 million; agriculture 7.1%, industry 35.2%, 57.7% (2009 est.). Industries: electricity, gas, water; food, beverages, tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel. Natural resources: bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land. Exports: $27.9 billion (2013 est.): clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels. Imports: $32.88 billion (2013 est.): machinery and equipment; metals and ores; chemicals and plastics; fuels, minerals, and raw materials. Major trading partners: Russia, Germany, Italy, Romania, Greece, Turkey, Spain, France (2012)

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 2.253 million (2012); mobile cellular: 10.78 million (2012). Broadcast media: Four national terrestrial television stations with 1 state-owned and 3 privately-owned; a vast array of TV stations are available from cable and satellite TV providers; state-owned national radio broadcasts over 3 networks; large number of private radio stations broadcasting, especially in urban areas (2010). Internet hosts: 976,277 (20120). Internet users: 3.395 million (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 4,152 km (22011009). Roadways: total: 19,512 km; paved: 19,235 km (includes 458 km of expressways); unpaved 277 km (2011). Waterways: 470 km (2009). Ports and terminals: Burgas, Varna. Airports: 68 (2013).

    International disputes: none.

    Major sources and definitions

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