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Past U.S. Supreme Court Members

The following table lists former members of the United States Supreme Court, who served the United States since 1789, including the names of Chief and Associate Justices, years of service, place of birth, year of birth and death, and religious affiliation.

See Also: Current U.S. Supreme Court Members

 ServiceBirth  
Name, stateAssoc. JusticeChief JusticeYrsPlaceDateDiedReligion
John Jay , N.Y. 1789–17955N.Y.17451829Episcopal
James Wilson, Pa.1789–1798 8Scotland17421798Episcopal
John Rutledge, S.C.*1790–179117951S.C.17391800Church of England
William Cushing, Mass.1790–1810 20Mass.17321810Unitarian
John Blair, Va.1790–1796 5Va.17321800Presbyterian
James Iredell, N.C.1790–1799 9England17511799Episcopal
Thomas Johnson, Md.1792–1793 0Md.17321819Episcopal
William Paterson, N.J.1793–1806 13Ireland17451806Protestant
Oliver Ellsworth, Conn. 1796–18004Conn.17451807Congregational
Samuel Chase, Md.1796–1811 15Md.17411811Episcopal
Bushrod Washington, Va.1799–1829 30Va.17621829Episcopal
Alfred Moore, N.C.1800–1804 3N.C.17551810Episcopal
John Marshall, Va. 1801–183534Va.17551835Episcopal
William Johnson, S.C.1804–1834 30S.C.17711834Presbyterian
Brockholst Livingston, N.Y.1807–1823 16N.Y.17571823Presbyterian
Thomas Todd, Ky.1807–1826 18Va.17651826Presbyterian
Gabriel Duval, Md.1811–1835 23Md.17521844French Protestant
Joseph Story, Mass.1812–1845 33Mass.17791845Unitarian
Smith Thompson, N.Y.1823–1843 20N.Y.17681843Presbyterian
Robert Trimble, Ky.1826–1828 2Va.17771828Protestant
John McLean, Ohio1830–1861 31N.J.17851861Methodist-Epis.
Henry Baldwin, Pa.1830–1844 14Conn.17801844Trinity Church
James M. Wayne, Ga.1835–1867 32Ga.17901867Protestant
Philip P. Barbour, Va.1836–1841 4Va.17831841Episcopal
Roger B. Taney, Md. 1836–186428Md.17771864Roman Catholic
John Catron, Tenn.1837–1865 28Pa.17861865Presbyterian
John McKinley, Ala.1837–1852 14Va.17801852Protestant
Peter V. Daniel, Va.1841–1860 18Va.17841860Episcopal
Samuel Nelson, N.Y.1845–1872 27N.Y.17921873Protestant
Levi Woodbury, N.H.1845–1851 5N.H.17891851Protestant
Robert C. Grier, Pa.1846–1870 23Pa.17941870Presbyterian
Benjamin R. Curtis, Mass.1851–1857 5Mass.18091874(2)
John A. Campbell, Ala.1853–1861 8Ga.18111889Episcopal
Nathan Clifford, Maine1858–1881 23N.H.18031881(1)
Noah H. Swayne, Ohio1862–1881 18Va.18041884Quaker
Samuel F. Miller, Iowa1862–1890 28Ky.18161890Unitarian
David Davis, Ill.1862–1877 14Md.18151886(4)
Stephen J. Field, Calif.1863–1897 34Conn.18161899Episcopal
Salmon P. Chase, Ohio 1864–18738N.H.18081873Episcopal
William Strong, Pa.1870–1880 10Conn.18081895Presbyterian
Joseph P. Bradley, N.J.1870–1892 21N.Y.18131892Presbyterian
Ward Hunt, N.Y.1872–1882 9N.Y.18101886Episcopal
Morrison R. Waite, Ohio  1874–188814Conn.18161888Episcopal
John M. Harlan, Ky.1877–1911 33Ky.18331911Presbyterian
William B. Woods, Ga.1880–1887 6Ohio18241887Protestant
Stanley Matthews, Ohio1881–1889 7Ohio18241889Presbyterian
Horace Gray, Mass.1882–1902 20Mass.18281902(3)
Samuel Blatchford, N.Y.1882–1893 11N.Y.18201893Presbyterian
Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Miss.1888–1893 5Ga.18251893Methodist
Melville W. Fuller, Ill. 1888–191021Maine18331910Episcopal
David J. Brewer, Kan.1889–1910 20Asia Minor18371910Protestant
Henry B. Brown, Mich.1890–1906 15Mass.18361913Protestant
George Shiras, Jr., Pa.1892–1903 10Pa.18321924Presbyterian
Howell E. Jackson, Tenn.1893–1895 2Tenn.18321895Baptist
Edward D. White, La.*1894–19101910–192126La.18451921Roman Catholic
Rufus W. Peckham, N.Y.1895–1909 13N.Y.18381909Episcopal
Joseph McKenna, Calif.1898–1925 26Pa.18431926Roman Catholic
Oliver W. Holmes, Mass.1902–1932 29Mass.18411935Unitarian
William R. Day, Ohio1903–1922 19Ohio18491923Protestant
William H. Moody, Mass.1906–1910 3Mass.18531917Episcopal
Horace H. Lurton, Tenn.1909–1914 4Ky.18441914Episcopal
Charles E. Hughes, N.Y.*1910–19161930–194116N.Y.18621948Baptist
Willis Van Devanter, Wyo.1910–1937 26Ind.18591941Episcopal
Joseph R. Lamar, Ga.1910–1916 4Ga.18571916Ch. of Disciples
Mahlon Pitney, N.J.1912–1922 10N.J.18581924Presbyterian
James C. McReynolds, Tenn.1914–1941 26Ky.18621946Disciples of Christ
Louis D. Brandeis, Mass.1916–1939 22Ky.18561941Jewish
John H. Clarke, Ohio1916–1922 5Ohio18571945Protestant
William H. Taft, Ohio. 1921–19308Ohio18571930Unitarian
George Sutherland, Utah1922–1938 15England18621942Episcopal
Pierce Butler, Minn.1923–1939 16Minn.18661939Roman Catholic
Edward T. Sanford, Tenn.1923–1930 7Tenn.18651930Episcopal
Harlan F. Stone, N.Y.*1925–19411941–194620N.H.18721946Episcopal
Owen J. Roberts, Pa.1930–1945 15Pa.18751955Episcopal
Benjamin N. Cardozo, N.Y.1932–1938 6N.Y.18701938Jewish
Hugo L. Black, Ala.1937–1971 34Ala.18861971Baptist
Stanley F. Reed, Ky.1938–1957 19Ky.18841980Protestant
Felix Frankfurter, Mass.1939–1962 23Austria18821965Jewish
William O. Douglas, Conn.1939–1975 36Minn.18981980Presbyterian
Frank Murphy, Mich.1940–1949 9Mich.18901949Roman Catholic
James F. Byrnes, S.C.1941–1942 1S.C.18791972Episcopal
Robert H. Jackson, Pa.1941–1954 13N.Y.18921954Episcopal
Wiley B. Rutledge, Iowa1943–1949 6Ky.18941949Unitarian
Harold H. Burton, Ohio1945–1958 13Mass.18881964Unitarian
Frederick M. Vinson, Ky. 1946–19537Ky.18901953Methodist
Tom C. Clark, Tex.1949–1967 17Tex.18991977Presbyterian
Sherman Minton, Ind.1949–1956 7Ind.18901965Roman Catholic
Earl Warren, Calif. 1953–196915Calif.18911974Protestant
John M. Harlan, N.Y.1955–1971 16Ill.18991971Presbyterian
William J. Brennan, Jr., N.J.1956–1990 33N.J.19061997Roman Catholic
Charles E. Whittaker, Mo.1957–1962 5Kan.19011973Methodist
Potter Stewart, Ohio1958–1981 23Mich.19151985Episcopal
Byron R. White, Colo.1962–1993 31Colo.19172002Episcopal
Arthur J. Goldberg, Ill.1962–1965 2Ill.19081990Jewish
Abe Fortas, Tenn.1965–1969 3Tenn.19101982Jewish
Thurgood Marshall, N.Y.1967–1991 24Md.19081993Episcopal
Warren E. Burger, Va. 1969–198617Minn.19071995Presbyterian
Harry A. Blackmun, Minn.1970–1994 24Ill.19081999Methodist
Lewis F. Powell, Jr., Va.1972–1987 15Va.19071998Presbyterian
William H. Rehnquist, Ariz.*1972–19861986–200533Wis.19242005Lutheran
Sandra Day O'Connor, Ariz.1981–2006 25Tex.1930Episcopal
David H. Souter, N.H.1990–2009 19Mass.1939Episcopal
John Paul Stevens, Ill.1975–2010 Ill.19202019Protestant
Antonin Scalia, DC1986–2016 30N.J.19362016Roman Catholic
Anthony M. Kennedy, Calif.1988–2018 30Calif.1936Roman Catholic

Mailing address for the Supreme Court:
U.S. Supreme Court Building, 1 First Street NE
Washington, DC 20543

NOTE: Bold=Chief Justice
*Served as both chief justice and associate justice.
1. Congregational; later Unitarian.
2. Unitarian; then Episcopal.
3. Unitarian or Congregational.
4. Not a member of any church.

 

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