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Spitzweg, Carl

(Encyclopedia) Spitzweg, Carl kärl shpts´vk, 1808–85, German genre painter and draftsman. Self-taught, he depicted the daily life of his native Munich in small, charming pictures in which realism,…

spleen

(Encyclopedia) spleen, soft, purplish-red organ that lies under the diaphragm on the left side of the abdominal cavity. The spleen acts as a filter against foreign organisms that infect the…

splint

(Encyclopedia) splint, rigid or semiflexible device for the immobilization of displaced or fractured parts of the body. Most commonly employed for fractures of bones, a splint may be a first-aid…

Split

(Encyclopedia) Split splt, Ital. Spalato, city (2011 pop. 178,102), S Croatia, on the Dalmatian coast of the Adriatic Sea. It is a major seaport, a regional transportation hub, and a leading…

Splügen

(Encyclopedia) Splügen shplü´gn, Ital. Spluga, pass, in the Rhaetian Alps, 6,946 ft (2,117 m) high, between Splügen, SE Switzerland, and Chiavenna, N Italy. Frequented since Roman times, it is…

Spock, Benjamin McLane

(Encyclopedia) Spock, Benjamin McLane, 1903–98, American author and pediatrician, b. New Haven, Conn., educ. Yale (B.A., 1925) and Columbia Univ. College of Physicians and Surgeons (M.D., 1929). In…

Spode, Josiah, I

(Encyclopedia) Spode, Josiah, I, 1733–97, English potter. He founded a pottery firm in 1770 at Stoke-on-Trent in the Staffordshire pottery district. Creating many of his patterns after Japanese…

Spofford, Ainsworth Rand

(Encyclopedia) Spofford, Ainsworth Rand spf´rd, 1825–1908, librarian of Congress of the United States, b. Belknap co., N.H. In 1861 he became chief assistant librarian of Congress and was appointed…

Spohr, Ludwig

(Encyclopedia) Spohr, Ludwig or Louis loot´vkh shpr, loo´, 1784–1859, German composer, conductor, and violinist. After touring Europe extensively, he was (1822–57) court conductor in Kassel. His…