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Hindu philosophy

(Encyclopedia)Hindu philosophy, the philosophical speculations and systems of India that have their roots in Hinduism. Nyaya, traditionally founded by Akshapada Gautama (6th cent. b.c.), is a school of logic and...

Nyaya

(Encyclopedia)Nyaya nyäˈyə [key]: see Hindu philosophy. ...

Vaisheshika

(Encyclopedia)Vaisheshika vīˌshəshēˈkə [key]: see Hindu philosophy. ...

Samkhya

(Encyclopedia)Samkhya sängˈkyə [key]: see Hindu philosophy. ...

Purva Mimamsa

(Encyclopedia)Purva Mimamsa po͝orˈvə mēmämˈsä [key]: see Hindu philosophy. ...

Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli

(Encyclopedia)Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli sŭrˌvəpŭlˈlē räˈdəkrĭshˌən [key], 1888–1975, Indian philosopher, president of India (1962–67). The main part of his life was spent as an academic; he was a ph...

Hare Krishnas

(Encyclopedia)Hare Krishnas härˈē krĭshˈnəz [key], communalistic religious movement, officially known as the International Society for Krishna Consciousness. Founded in New York City (1966) by A. C. Bhaktived...

Tantra

(Encyclopedia)Tantra tŭnˈtrə [key], in both Hinduism and Buddhism, esoteric tradition of ritual and yoga known for elaborate use of mantra, or symbolic speech, and mandala, or symbolic diagrams; the importance o...

Shakti

(Encyclopedia)Shakti shŭkˈtē [key] [Skt.,=power], in Hinduism, name given to the female consorts of male deities. The Shakti personifies the dynamic, manifesting energy that creates the universe, while the male ...

Vivekananda

(Encyclopedia)Vivekananda vēˌvəkənŭnˈdə [key], 1863–1902, Hindu mystic, major exponent of Vedanta philosophy. He was born of a well-to-do family in Calcutta (now Kolkata), and his given name was Narendra N...
 

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