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pond scum

(Encyclopedia) pond scum, accumulation of floating green algae on the surface of stagnant or slowly moving waters, such as ponds and reservoirs. One of the commonest forms is Spirogyra.

Brewer's: Ostend' Manifesto

A declaration made in 1857 by the Ministers of the United States in England, France, and Spain, “that Cuba must belong to the United States.” Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E.…

Valerie Solanas

Valerie Solanas shot the artist Andy Warhol in a fit of crazed anger on June 3, 1968. A radical feminist and sometime acquaintance of Warhol, Solanas had previously written the S.C.U.M. Manifesto,…

Ostend Manifesto

(Encyclopedia) Ostend Manifesto, document drawn up in Oct., 1854, at Ostend, Belgium, by James Buchanan, American minister to Great Britain, John Y. Mason, minister to France, and Pierre Soulé,…

Seifert, Jaroslav

(Encyclopedia) Seifert, Jaroslav, 1901–86, Czech poet. Starting as a revolutionary proletarian poet, Seifert soon began to emphasize fantasy and enchantment as antidotes to modern technological…

cyanobacteria

(Encyclopedia) cyanobacteria snbktr´, s-n– or blue-green algae, photosynthetic bacteria that contain chlorophyll. For many years they were classified in the plant kingdom along with algae…

Robert Haven Schauffler: Scum o' the Earth

Scum o' the EarthRobert Haven SchaufflerIAt the gate of the West I stand, On the isle where the nations throng. We call them "scum o' the earth";Stay, are we doing you wrong, Young fellow…

Guchkov, Aleksandr Ivanovich

(Encyclopedia) Guchkov, Aleksandr Ivanovich lyksän´dr vä´nvch gooch´kôf, 1862–1936, Russian political leader. A prominent businessman, during the 1905 revolution he helped found the Octobrist…

Kitaj, R. B.

(Encyclopedia) Kitaj, R. B. (Ronald Brooks Kitaj)kt´, 1932–2007, American painter, b. Chagrin Falls, Ohio. In 1958 he moved to London, where he attended the Ruskin School, Oxford, and the Royal…

Tassoni, Alessandro

(Encyclopedia) Tassoni, Alessandro äls-sän´dr täs-sô´n, 1565–1635, Italian poet. He spent much of his life in the service of Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy and Francesco I of Modena. His sharp letter…