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Persian language

(Encyclopedia) Persian language, member of the Iranian group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Indo-Iranian languages). The official language of Iran, it has…

Pahlavi language

(Encyclopedia) Pahlavi language pä´lv or Pehlevi languagep´–, member of the Iranian group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. Pahlavi is the form of the…

Sogdiana

(Encyclopedia) Sogdiana sgd´n, part of the ancient Persian Empire in central Asia between the Oxus (Amu Darya) and Jaxartes (Syr Darya) rivers. Corresponding to the later emirate of Bukhara and…

Firdausi

(Encyclopedia) Firdausi or Ferdowsiboth: frdou´s, c.940–1020, principal Persian poet, author of the Shah Namah [the book of kings], the great Persian epic. His original name was Abul Kasim Mansur;…

The stan in Afghanistan

The Question: Many of the countries in the news end with the suffix "stan." It must mean something. Do you know? The Answer: According to…

Tajikistan Department of State Background

U.S. Department of State Background Note Tajikistan Index: Geography People History Government and Political Conditions Economy Foreign Relations U.S.-Tajik Relations GEOGRAPHYAt 36'40'…

Persian literature

(Encyclopedia) Persian literature, literary writings in the Persian language, nearly all of it written in the area traditionally known as Persia, now Iran. Pre-Islamic and Early Islamic Literature…